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共找到2项关于burn意思的翻译解释和用法说明  burn 1  |  burn 2
同义词
blaze
fire
flame
flare

反义词
extinguish

相关词
Auburn
Bannockburn
Blackburn
Cliburn
Hepburn
Millburn
Raeburn
Rayburn
Woburn
auburn
burn
burner
burnet
burning
burnish
burnoose
burnout
burnsides
burnt
heartburn
sunburn
windburn

常用短语
burn bag
burn center
first-degree burn
flash burn
second-degree burn
slow burn
third-degree burn

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• burn away
继续燃烧,烧掉。
• burn cream
烧伤膏。
• burn daylight
白日点灯,无益。
• burn down
烧为平地,火力减弱。
• burn for
切望获得。渴望。
• burn in
留下不可磨灭的印象。
• burn into
烧进,使深印于。
• burn itself away
烧尽。烧完。
• burn itself out
筋疲力竭。
• burn like a house on fire
烧得极猛烈。
• burn low
快烧完。
• burn mark
火刺(陶瓷制品缺陷)。
• burn off
烧掉,蒸发。
• burn ointment
烧伤油膏。
• burn on
焊合。
• burn one's boats
破釜沉舟。
• burn one's bridge
破釜沉舟。
• burn one's fingers
由于管闲事而受损害。
• burn oneself out
烧尽。
• burn out
烧坏,烧掉,烧尽。
• burn the candle at both ends
过分耗费。
• burn the earth
[美]奔驰,全速前进。
• burn the highway
[美]疾驶,飞奔,高速行驶。
• burn the midnight oil
开夜车。
• burn the pavement
[美俚]飞奔,疾驰。
• burn the planks
久坐。
• burn the water
(夜间)在火把照明下叉鲑鱼。
• burn the wind
飞速前进。
• burn to
因烧焦而粘附于器皿的里边。
• burn to a cinder
烧成灰烬,烧焦[糊]。


burn 1

burn的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [bə:n]
KK音标发音: [bɜn]

burn的词性:
v.(动词)

burned或 burnt [b?rnt] burningburns

burn的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

1. To cause to undergo combustion.
烧:使经历燃烧

2. To destroy with fire:
烧毁:用火烧毁:

用法与例句:

burned the trash; burn a house down.
焚毁垃圾;烧毁房屋

3. To consume (fuel or energy, for example):
燃尽:耗尽(例如燃料或能量):

用法与例句:

burned all the wood that winter.
那个冬天烧完了所有的木柴

4. Physics To cause to undergo nuclear fission or fusion.
【物理学】 使裂变或聚变:使遭受核裂变或聚变

5. To damage or injure by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent:
灼伤:被火、强热、辐射、电或腐蚀性物质损坏或伤害:

用法与例句:

burned the toast; burned my skin with the acid.
烤糊了的面包;酸液灼伤了我的皮肤

6. To execute or kill with fire:
烧死:被火窒息或烧死:

用法与例句:

burning heretics at the stake.
在火刑柱上烧死异端邪说者

7. To execute by electrocution.
处电刑:用电刑处死

8. To make or produce by fire or heat:
烧制,烧成:用火或热量来制造或生产:

用法与例句:

burn a hole in the rug.
在地毯上烧出个洞

9. To dispel; dissipate:
驱散;消除:

用法与例句:

The sun burned off the fog.
阳光驱散了雾气

10. To use as a fuel:
当作燃料使用:

用法与例句:

a furnace that burns coal.
以煤作燃料的火炉

11. To metabolize (glucose, for example) in the body.
代谢:体内的新陈代谢(例如葡萄糖)

12. To impart a sensation of intense heat to:
刺激:给予一种强热的感觉:

用法与例句:

The chili burned my mouth.
干辣椒使我的嘴里发热

13. To irritate or inflame, as by chafing or sunburn.
发热:因摩擦或日晒而发热或变红

14. To let (oneself or a part of one's body) become sunburned.
晒黑:使(某人或其身体的一部分)晒黑

15. To brand (an animal).
烙印,烙上:(在动物身上)打烙印

16. To harden or impart a finish to by subjecting to intense heat; fire:
烧制:通过施加强热使变硬或使完美;火烧:

用法与例句:

burn clay pots in a kiln.
在窑里烧制陶器

17. To make angry:
使发怒:

用法与例句:

That remark really burns me.
那次评论的确激怒了我

18. To defeat in a contest, especially by a narrow margin.
险胜:尤其指在竟争中以很小的优势击败对手

19. To inflict harm or hardship on; hurt:
使困难:使受伤害或使困难;伤害:

用法与例句:

“Huge loan losses have burned banks in recent years”(Christian Science Monitor)
“近年来巨额贷款的损失一直使几家银行发展困难”(基督教科学箴言报)

20. To swindle or deceive; cheat:
欺诈;欺骗:

用法与例句:

We really got burned on the used car we bought.
我们买了旧车,确实被欺骗了

burn的词性:
v.intr.(不及物动词)

21. To undergo combustion.
燃烧

22. To admit of burning:
点燃:

用法与例句:

Wood burns easily.
木头容易点燃

23. To consume fuel:
消耗燃料:

用法与例句:

a rocket stage designed to burn for three minutes before being jettisoned.
设计成在被抛弃之前可以燃烧三分钟的火箭的级

24. Physics To undergo nuclear fission or fusion.
【物理学】 受核裂变或聚变

25. To emit heat or light by or as if by fire:
发烧,发热:用火或类似的东西使放出热量或光:

用法与例句:

campfires burning in the dark; the sun burning brightly in the sky.
在黑暗中发光的营火;天空中发出耀眼光芒的太阳

26. To become dissipated or to be dispelled by or as if by heat:
驱散:被或仿佛被热气驱散:

用法与例句:

The fog burned off as the sun came up.
太阳升起来驱散了雾气

27. To give off light; shine:
发光;闪烁:

用法与例句:

a light burning over the door.
从门内射出的灯光

28. To be destroyed, injured, damaged, or changed by or as if by fire:
烧毁:用火或类似的东西来毁坏、伤害、损害或改变:

用法与例句:

a house that burned to the ground; eggs that burned and stuck to the pan.
被烧毁的房屋;烤焦了粘在平锅上的鸡蛋

29. To be very hot; bake:
烤:变得非常热;烤:

用法与例句:

a desert burning under the midday sun.
被正午的太阳炙烤着的沙漠

30. To feel or look hot:
发热:感觉热或看上去热:

用法与例句:

a child burning with fever.
因发烧而发热的孩子

31. To impart a sensation of heat:
感到热:给予热的感觉:

用法与例句:

a liniment that burns when first applied.
第一次使用时就感到炽热的擦剂

32. To become irritated or painful, as by chafing or inflammation:
烫痛:因摩擦或炙烤而变得炽热或疼痛:

用法与例句:

eyes burning from the smoke.
被烟熏痛的眼睛

33. To become sunburned or windburned.
被风吹日晒

34. To be consumed with strong emotion, especially:
激动,渴望:被强烈的情绪所耗尽,尤指:

35. To be or become angry:
变得恼怒:

用法与例句:

an insult that really made me burn.
的确使我恼怒的侮辱

36. To be very eager:
渴望:

用法与例句:

was burning with ambition.
怀着雄心壮志渴望着

37. To penetrate by or as if by intense heat or flames:
烧穿,穿透:用强热或火焰等穿透:

用法与例句:

enemy ground radar burning through the fighters' electronic jammers; a look that burned into them.
穿透了战士们的电子干扰装置的敌方地面雷达;看穿他们的眼光

38. To be vividly or painfully present:
涌现,浮现:生动或痛苦地存在:

用法与例句:

shame burning in my heart.
羞愧在我心中燃烧

39. To suffer punishment or death by or as if by fire:
受煎熬:通过火或其他类似的东西来惩罚或致死:

用法与例句:

souls burning in hell.
地狱中受煎熬的灵魂

40. To be electrocuted.
被电击,处电刑

burn的词性:
n.(名词)

41. An injury produced by fire, heat, radiation, electricity, or a caustic agent.
烧伤,烫伤,灼伤:因火焰、高温、辐射、电击或腐蚀性物质而造成的伤害

42. A burned place or area:
被烧的地方,燃烧区:

用法与例句:

a cigarette burn in the tablecloth.
桌布上被香烟燃坏的地方

43. The process or result of burning:
燃烧:燃烧的过程或结果:

用法与例句:

The fire settled down to a steady burn.
大火被控制到一个稳定的状况

44. A stinging sensation:
刺痛感:

用法与例句:

the burn of alcohol on an open wound.
酒精涂在裂开伤口上的刺痛感

45. A sunburn or windburn.
风吹日晒

46. Aerospace A firing of a rocket.
【太空学】 火箭上的点火装置

47. A swindle.
欺骗

48. To stop burning from lack of fuel.
烧尽,烧光:因缺乏燃料而停止燃烧

49. To wear out or make or become inoperative as a result of heat or friction:
烧坏:因为热或摩擦而耗尽或变得不能工作:

用法与例句:

The short circuit burned out the fuse.
短路烧坏了导线

50. To cause (a property owner or a resident) to have to evacuate the premises because of fire:
烧掉…的家,烧火把…赶出:因为火灾而使得(财产所有者或居民)不得不疏散财产或从地产中撤离:

用法与例句:

The shopkeeper was burned out by arsonists.
店主被纵火犯逐出商店

51. To make or become exhausted, especially as a result of long-term stress:
使疲惫不堪:使变得或变得精疲力尽,尤指因长期地压迫:

用法与例句:

“Hours are long, stress is high, and many recruits drop out or burn out”(Robert J Samuelson)
“时间长,压力大,许多新会员已弃权或疲倦不堪”(罗伯特J塞缪尔森)

52. To make angry:
使生气,使发怒:

用法与例句:

Their rudeness really burns me up.
他们的无礼真的让我生气

53. To travel over or through at high speed:
飞驰,飞奔:以高速跨越或穿过:

用法与例句:

drag racers burning up the track.
正在跑道上飞驰的高速赛车

burn的习惯用语

54. To eliminate the possibility of return or retreat.
破釜沉舟:消除返回或撤退的可能性

55. To exhaust oneself or one's resources by leading a hectic or extravagant life.
耗费精力:通过令人兴奋的或奢侈的生活来耗尽某人的精力或财力

56. To work or study very late at night.
熬夜:工作或学习到深夜

57. In great amounts:
大量,许多:

用法与例句:

They had money to burn.
他们有很多钱

burn的词源:

58. Middle English burnen
中古英语 burnen

59. from Old English beornan [to be on fire,]
源自 古英语 beornan [着火]

60. and from b?rnan [to set on fire] * see g wher-
并源自 b?rnan [置于火上烧烤] *参见 g wher-

【近义词】

burnscorchsingesearcharparch

61. These verbs mean to injure or alter by means of intense heat or flames.
这些动词的意思是通过高温或火焰的方式伤害或使改变。

62. Burn, the most general, applies to the effects of exposure to a source of heat or to something that can produce a similar effect:
Brun 最常见的用法是用来形容接触一个热源,或其它能产生相似效果的东西作用之后的结果:

用法与例句:

burned the rug with a cigarette;
香烟烧了地毯;

用法与例句:

left the onions on the stove and burned them;
把洋葱放在炉子上烤;

用法与例句:

burned my fingers by handling dry ice.
拿干冰时灼伤了我的手指。

63. Scorch usually refers to contact with flame or heated metal and involves superficial burning that discolors or damages the texture of something:
Scorch 通常指与火焰或加热的金属有关的,还包括改变物体颜色或损伤其纹理的表层烧烤:

用法与例句:

afraid that the iron might scorch the sheet;
害怕熨斗会烫坏被单;

用法与例句:

trees that were scorched in a forest fire.
被森林大火烧焦的树木。

64. Singe specifies superficial burning by brief exposure to flame and especially the deliberate removal of projections such as bristles or feathers from a carcass, such as a plucked fowl, before cooking:
Singe 专指短暂暴露于火焰上造成表面灼伤,尤指小心除去肉体上的如羽毛或鬃毛的突出物(如烹饪前的拔过毛的家禽):

用法与例句:

a grease fire that singed my eyelashes;
油焰燎着了我的睫毛;

用法与例句:

singed the Thanksgiving turkey, then roasted it.
用火燎去感恩节火鸡上的细毛,然后再烤。

65. Sear applies to surface burning of organic tissue, as by branding or cauterizing:
Sear 用于有机组织的表面烤灼,比如用打烙印或炙烤的方法:

用法与例句:

Sear the lamb over high heat before lowering the flame and adding liquid. To
在减小火焰和加水之前把羊肉放在大火上烤一下。

66. char is most often to reduce a substance to carbon or charcoal by means of fire:
char 最常用于以火烧的方式来产生煤或木炭的替代品:

用法与例句:

The timbers of the house were charred by the raging fire.
房屋的木材被熊熊大火烧成了木炭。

67. Parch in this sense emphasizes the drying and often fissuring of a surface from exposure to flame, the sun, or hot wind:
Parch 在这个意义上强调因暴露于火中、阳光下或热风中而使得表面干裂:

用法与例句:

The torrid rays of the sun parched the soil.
太阳的热辐射使土壤干裂了。

burn 2

burn的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [bə:n]
KK音标发音: [bɜn]

burn的词性:
n.Scots (名词)【苏格兰】

68. A small stream; a brook.
小溪:一种小溪流;小河

burn的词源:

69. Middle English
中古英语

70. from Old English burna * see bhreu-
源自 古英语 burna *参见 bhreu-