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共找到1项关于comprise意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
同义词
• consist of
contain
include
involve

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comprise

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com.prise

comprise的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [kəmˈpraiz]
KK音标发音: [kəmˈpraɪz]

comprise的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

comprisedcomprisingcomprises

1. To consist of; be composed of:
由…构成;由…组成:

用法与例句:

“The French got . . . French Equatorial Africa, comprising several territories”(Alex Shoumatoff)
“法国人得到…由几个领地组成的法属赤道非洲地区”(亚历克斯·肖马托夫)

2. To include; contain:
包含;包括:

用法与例句:

“The word ‘politics’ . . . comprises, in itself, a difficult study of no inconsiderable magnitude”(Charles Dickens)See Synonyms at include
“‘政治学’这个词本身就包含了复杂广大的学问”(查尔斯·狄更斯)参见 include

3. Usage Problem To compose; constitute:
【用法疑难】 组成;构成:

用法与例句:

“Put together the slaughterhouses, the steel mills, the freight yards . . . that comprised the city”(Saul Bellow)
“构成这个城市的是屠宰场、制钢厂、货运场等”(索尔·贝洛)

comprise的词源:

4. Middle English comprisen
中古英语 comprisen

5. from Old French compris [past participle of] comprendre [to include]
源自 古法语 compris [] comprendre的过去分词 [包括]

6. from Latin comprehendere * see comprehend
源自 拉丁语 comprehendere *参见 comprehend

comprise的词性:
adj.(形容词)

comprise的用法:

7. The traditional rule states that the whole comprises the parts; the parts compose the whole. In strict usage:
传统规则认为整体comprises (包括)部分;部分 compose (组成)整体。 而严格用法是:

用法与例句:

The Union comprises 50 states.
联邦包括50个州。

用法与例句:

Fifty states compose (or constitute or make up ) the Union.
50个州组成(或用 constitutemake up ) 联邦

8. While this distinction is still maintained by many writers, comprise is increasingly used, especially in the passive, in place of compose: The Union is comprised of 50 states. In an earlier survey, a majority of the Usage Panel found this use of comprise unacceptable. See Usage Note at include
虽然许多作家仍然坚持这个规则,但是comprise 越来越多地取代了 compose:联邦包括50个州。 在早先的调查中,大多数用法专题使用小组成员认为comprise 的这种用法是不可接受的 参见 include