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共找到1项关于crocodile意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
相关词
crocodile

常用短语
Nile crocodile
crocodile bird
crocodile tears

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• crocodile clip
弹簧线夹,鳄鱼嘴夹。
• crocodile shearingmachine
鳄式剪床。
• crocodile shears
杠杆(式)剪切机,鳄口剪切机。
• crocodile skin
(过烧钢酸洗后所呈现的)鳄鱼皮(缺陷)。
• crocodile spanner
鳄头扳手。
• crocodile tears
鳄鱼的眼泪,假哭,假慈悲。


croc.o.dile

crocodile的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈkrɔkəˌdail]
KK音标发音: [ˈkrɑkəˌdaɪl]

crocodile的词性:
n.(名词)

1. Any of various large aquatic reptiles, chiefly of the genus Crocodylus, native to tropical and subtropical regions and having thick, armorlike skin and long, tapering jaws.
鳄鱼:任一种原产于热带和亚热带地区的 属大型水栖爬行动物,生有厚的、甲状皮肤以及长而逐渐变细的尾巴

2. A crocodilian reptile, such as an alligator, a caiman, or a gavial.
鳄类动物:鳄类爬行动物,如短吻鳄、凯门鳄或长吻鳄

3. Leather made from crocodile skin.
鳄鱼皮革:用鳄鱼皮做成的皮革

crocodile的词源:

4. Middle English cocodril
中古英语 cocodril

5. from Old French
源自 古法语

6. from Latin cocodrillus [variant of] crocodolus
源自 拉丁语 cocodrillus [] crocodolus的变体

7. from Greek krokodilos
源自 希腊语 krokodilos

8. krok? [pebble]
krok? [卵石]

9. drilos [circumcised man, worm]
drilos [受割的人,蠕虫]

crocodile的注释:

10. The crocodile may owe its name to its resemblance to a much smaller creature, a lizard that lived in the stone walls of Ionia. This lizard's name, krokodilos, is thought to be a compound of krok?, “pebble, gravel,” and drilos, which is only attested as meaning “circumcised man” but is assumed to mean “worm” as well. According to Herodotus, Ionians in Egypt noted the resemblance, probably humorously, between basking crocodiles and their own “worm of the stones.” The modern form of English crocodile represents a return to the Classical Latin spelling crocodolus, Latin having borrowed the word from Greek. But other spellings occurred in Classical Greek and Latin, and one of these Latin spellings, cocodrillus, passed into Medieval Latin and Old French (cocodril ) and then into English, so that our earliest possible use of the word, in a work perhaps composed before 1300, is spelled cokedrille. It was not until the 16th century that the word came to have its present spelling. The various spellings met with in the history of crocodile reflect the same sort of variations that occurred in the history of alligator.
鳄鱼可能是因为与一种比它小得多的生物,即生长在爱奥尼亚的石墙中的蜥蜴外表相似而得名。这种蜥蜴的名字krokodilos 被认为是由 kroke (意为“卵石,砾石”)一词和 drilos 这一(只被证明有“受割的人”的意思但又被假定有“蠕虫”的意思的)词组成的复合词。 希罗多德认为,埃及境内的爱奥尼亚人可能出于幽默而记下了晒太阳的鳄鱼和他们本地的“石头中的蠕虫”之间的类似点。英语的crocodile 的现代形式反映了古拉丁语拼法 crocodilus 的回归, 拉丁语中的这个词是从希腊语中引入的。但是出现在古希腊语和古拉丁语中的其它拼法以及其中一种拉丁语拼法, cocodrillus , 却进入到中世纪拉丁语和古法语(cocodril )中,然后又进入到英语中, 所以出现在可能写于1300年以前的一篇文章中的我们最早有可能使用该词时的拼法是cokedrille 。 直到16世纪,这个词才变成现在这种拼法。在crocodile 一词的演变历史中的多种拼法也反映了在 alligator 一词的演变历史中的相似变化