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共找到3项关于desert意思的翻译解释和用法说明  des.ert 1  |  de.sert 2  |  de.sert 3
同义词
abandon
forsake
leave

反义词
fertile

相关词
desert
desertification
desertion
semidesert

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• desert boot
沙漠靴,沙地靴。
• desert climate
沙漠气候。
• desert creep
沙漠蔓延。
• desert crust
沙漠壳。
• desert island
荒岛。
• desert oak
沙漠木麻黄。
• desert peneplain
荒漠准平原。
• desert soil
荒漠土。
• desert spread
沙漠扩展。
• desert steppe
沙漠草原。
• desert the colours
变节,开小差。放弃原来所支持的事业。
• desert varnish
[地质]沙漠岩漆。


des.ert 1

desert的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈdezət]
KK音标发音: [ˈdɛzɚt]

desert的词性:
n.(名词)

1. A barren or desolate area, especially:
荒地:贫瘠的或荒芜的区域,尤其指:

2. A dry, often sandy region of little rainfall, extreme temperatures, and sparse vegetation.
沙漠:下雨很少,温度极高,植被贫乏的干燥,通常多沙的地区

3. A region of permanent cold that is largely or entirely devoid of life.
冰原:长久寒冷,几乎没有生命的区域

4. An apparently lifeless area of water.
死水:明显无生命的水域

5. An empty or forsaken place; a wasteland:
荒地,荒原:空旷,荒芜的地方;荒地:

用法与例句:

a cultural desert.
文化荒原

6. Archaic A wild, uncultivated, and uninhabited region.
【古语】 不毛之地:荒凉的,未经开垦的,无人居住的区域

desert的词性:
adj.(形容词)

7. Of, relating to, characteristic of, or inhabiting a desert:
荒凉的,荒芜的:沙漠的,与沙漠有关的,多沙漠的,居住在沙漠的:

用法与例句:

desert fauna.
生长在荒原上的动物群

8. Barren and uninhabited; desolate:
荒凉的,不毛的:贫瘠而无人居住的;荒芜的,废弃的:

用法与例句:

a desert island.
荒凉的岛

desert的词源:

9. Middle English
中古英语

10. from Old French
源自 古法语

11. from Late Latin d?sertum [from neuter past participle of] d?serere [to desert] * see desert 3
源自 后期拉丁语 d?sertum [] 源自d?serere的中性过去分词 [荒废] *参见 desert3

de.sert 2

desert的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [diˈzə:t]
KK音标发音: [dɪˈzɜt]

desert的词性:
n.(名词)

12. Often deserts Something that is deserved or merited, especially a punishment:
常作 deserts 值得,应得:应得的东西(尤指惩罚):

用法与例句:

They got their just deserts when the scheme was finally uncovered.
当阴谋最终被揭露时,他们得到了他们应得的惩罚

13. The state or fact of deserving reward or punishment.
受罚,受赏:应得到奖赏或惩罚的状态或事实

desert的词源:

14. Middle English
中古英语

15. from Old French deserte [from feminine past participle of] deservir [to deserve] * see deserve
源自 古法语 deserte [] 源自deservir的阴性过去分词 [应得] *参见 deserve

desert的注释:

16. When Shakespeare says in Sonnet 72, “Unless you would devise some virtuous lie,/To do more for me than mine own desert,” he is using the word desert in the sense of “worthiness; deserving,” a word that is perhaps most familiar to us in the plural, meaning “something that is deserved,” as in the phrase just deserts. This word goes back to the Latin word d?servore, “to devote oneself to the service of,” which in Vulgar Latin came to mean “to merit by service.” D?servore is made up of d?-, meaning “thoroughly,” and servore, “to serve.” Knowing this, we can distinguish this desert from desert, “a wasteland,” and desert, “to abandon,” both of which go back to Latin d?serere, “to forsake, leave uninhabited,” which is made up of d?-, expressing the notion of undoing, and the verb serere, “to link together.” We can also distinguish all three deserts from dessert, “a sweet course at the end of a meal,” which is from the French word desservir, “to clear the table.” Desservir is made up of des-, expressing the notion of reversal, and servir (from Latin servore ), “to serve,” hence, “to unserve” or “to clear the table.”
当莎士比亚在第72首十四行诗中说:“除非你能编出善意的谎言/把我说得比我本人强得多”, 这里desert 的意思就是“应得的东西”。 对这个词,我们最熟悉的大概是其复数形式(意思是“应得的东西”)。例如在词组just deserts 中。 该词的起源可以追溯到拉丁词deservire , 意为“为…而献身”, 在俗拉丁语中,意思就变成了“依据服务应得…”。Deservirede- 意思是“完全地,彻底地”和 servire “服务”组成。 知道了这些,我们就可以把desertdesert “荒原”和 desert “放弃”区别开来。 后面两个意义可追溯到拉丁语deserere “遗弃,无人居住”, 它由de- 表示“不做”的概念和动词 serere “连接到一起”组成。 我们也能把所有这三个desertsdessert “正餐最后上的一道甜食”区分开来, 后者来自法语词desservir “收拾桌子”。 Desservir 由表达“反,逆”概念的des-servir 组成(来自拉丁语 servire ), 意为“服务”、“因此“、“不上菜”或“清理桌子”

de.sert 3

desert的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [diˈzə:t]
KK音标发音: [dɪˈzɜt]

desert的词性:
v.(动词)

deserteddesertingdeserts

desert的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

17. To leave empty or alone; abandon.
遗弃;放弃:留下空白或使独自;抛弃

18. To withdraw from, especially in spite of a responsibility or duty; forsake:
远离,遗弃:远离,尤指不管责任或义务而远离;放弃:

用法与例句:

deserted her friend in a time of need.
抛弃了需要她的朋友

19. To abandon (a military post, for example) in violation of orders or an oath.
誓绝:以命令或以誓言强制放弃(军队官职等)

desert的词性:
v.intr.(不及物动词)

20. To forsake one's duty or post, especially to be absent without leave from the armed forces with no intention of returning.
擅离职守:放弃职责或岗位,尤指从军队中开小差

desert的词源:

21. French déserter
法语 déserter

22. from Late Latin d?sert3re
源自 后期拉丁语 d?sert3re

23. from Latin d?serere d?sert- [to abandon]
源自 拉丁语 d?serere d?sert- [放弃]

24. d?- [de-]
d?- [前缀,表“放弃”]

25. serere [to join] * see ser- 2
serere [参加] *参见 ser- 2

desert的词性:
n.(名词)