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diabetes
prediabetes

常用短语
adult-onset diabetes
diabetes insipidus
diabetes mellitus
insulin-dependent diabetes
juvenile diabetes
mature-onset diabetes
non-insulin-dependent diabetes
sugar diabetes

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• diabetes mellitus
[医]糖尿病。


di.a.be.tes

diabetes的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˌdaiəˈbi:tis, -ti:z]
KK音标发音: [ˌdaɪəˈbitɪs, -tiz]

diabetes的词性:
n.(名词)

1. Any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.
多尿症,糖尿病:一种新陈代谢失调症,以排尿过多和持续的口渴为特征,尤指糖尿病的两种类型之一

diabetes的词源:

2. Middle English diabete
中古英语 diabete

3. from Medieval Latin diab?t?s
源自 中世纪拉丁语 diab?t?s

4. from Latin
源自 拉丁语

5. from Greek [siphon, diabetes]
源自 希腊语 [呼吸管,糖尿病]

6. from diabainein [to cross over, straddle]
源自 diabainein [穿越,跨立]

7. dia- [dia-]
dia- [前缀,表“有始有终的”]

8. bainein [to go] * see g w3-
bainein [去] *参见 g w3-

diabetes的注释:

9. Diabetes is named for one of its distressing symptoms. The disease was known to the Greeks as diab?t?s, a word derived from the verb diabainein, made up of the prefix dia-, “across, apart,” and the word bainein, “to walk, stand.” The verb diabeinein meant “to stride, walk, or stand with legs asunder”; hence, its derivative diab?t?s meant “one that straddles,” or specifically “a compass, siphon.” The sense “siphon” gave rise to the use of diab?t?s as the name for a disease involving the discharge of excessive amounts of urine. Diabetes is first recorded in English, in the form diabete, in a medical text written around 1425.
糖尿病因其痛苦的症状之一而得名。此病症闻名于希腊语diabetes , 是动词diabainein 派生出的单词, 由前缀dia- “穿过,隔开”和单词 bainein “走,站”构成。 动词diabeinein 表示“跨过,走过或两条腿分开站着”; 因此,其派生词diabetes 表示“一个人叉腿站着”, 或专指“指南针,虹吸管”。 在diabetes 使用“虹吸管”是表示排尿量过多的一种病的名称。 Diabaets 一词第一次被记录到英文中是在1425年前后的一本医学课本中,以diabete 的形式出现