1. To divide and dispense in portions.
2. To supply (goods) to retailers.
3. To deliver or pass out:
distributing handbills on the street.
4. To spread or diffuse over an area; scatter:
distribute grass seed over the lawn.
5. To apportion so as to be evenly spread throughout a given area:
180 pounds of muscle that were well distributed over his 6-foot frame.
6. To separate into categories; classify.
7. Logic To use (a term) so as to include all individuals or entities of a given class.
8. Mathematics To be distributive.
9. Middle English distributen
10. from Latin distribuere distrib?t-
源自 拉丁语 distribuere distrib?t-
13. These verbs mean to give out in portions or shares.
14. Distribute is the least specific:
In the 19th century the government distributed land to settlers willing to cultivate it.
15. Divide implies giving out portions, often equal, on the basis of a plan or purpose:
The estate will be divided among the heirs.
16. Dispense stresses the careful determination of portions, often according to measurement or weight:
dispensed tax dollars judiciously;
dispense advice and sympathy.
17. Dole, often followed by out, implies careful, usually sparing measurement of portions; it can refer to the distribution of charity (
Dole, 其后常跟out 指细致地，通常是节省所应分发的份额的测量； 可指给予施舍(
surplus milk and cheese doled out to the needy) but more often suggests lack of generosity:
The professor seldom doled out praise, and even when he did it was with reluctance.
18. Deal implies orderly, equitable distribution, often piece by piece:
dealt out one hamburger each to the children.
19. Ration refers to equitable division of scarce items, often necessities, in accordance with a system that limits individual portions:
ration fuel in wartime;
rationing water during the drought.