1. To plunge, especially headfirst, into water.
2. To execute a dive in athletic competition.
3. To participate in the sport of competitive diving.
4. To go toward the bottom of a body of water; submerge.
5. To engage in the activity of scuba diving.
6. To submerge under power. Used of a submarine.
7. To fall head down through the air.
8. To descend nose down at an acceleration usually exceeding that of free fall. Used of an airplane.
9. To engage in the sport of skydiving.
10. To drop sharply and rapidly; plummet:
Stock prices dove 100 points in a single day of trading.
11. To rush headlong and vanish into:
dive into a crowd.
12. To plunge one's hand into.
13. To lunge:
dove for the loose ball.
14. To plunge into an activity or enterprise with vigor and gusto.
15. To cause (an aircraft, for example) to dive.
16. A plunge into water, especially done headfirst and in a way established for athletic competition.
17. The act or an instance of submerging, as of a submarine or a skin diver.
18. A nearly vertical descent at an accelerated speed through the air.
19. A quick, pronounced drop.
20. Slang A disreputable or run-down bar or nightclub.
21. A knockout feigned by prearrangement between prizefighters:
The challenger took a dive.
22. A lunge or a headlong jump:
made a dive to catch the falling teacup.
23. Football An offensive play in which the carrier of the ball plunges into the opposing line in order to gain short yardage.
24. Middle English diven
25. from Old English dtfan [to dip]
源自 古英语 dtfan [浸，蘸，沉]
26. and from d?fan [to sink] * see dheub-
并源自 d?fan [下沉，沉入] *参见 dheub-
27. Either dove or dived is acceptable as the past tense of dive. Dived is actually the earlier form, and the emergence of dove may appear anomalous in light of the general tendencies of change in English verb forms. Old English had two classes of verbs: strong verbs, whose past tense was indicated by a change in their vowel (a process that survives in such present-day English verbs as drive/drove or fling/flung ); and weak verbs, whose past was formed with a suffix related to -ed in Modern English (as in present-day English live/lived and move/moved ). Since the Old English period, many verbs have changed from the strong pattern to the weak one; for example, the past tense of help, formerly healp, became helped, and the past tense of step, formerly stop, became stepped. Over the years, in fact, the weak pattern has become so prevalent that we use the term regular to refer to verbs that form their past tense by suffixation of -ed. However, there have occasionally been changes in the other direction: the past tense of wear, now wore, was once werede ; that of spit, now spat, was once spitede ; and the development of dove is an additional example of the small group of verbs that have swum against the historical tide.
dove 或 dived 都可用作 dive的过去式形式。 Dived 实际上是早期词形，根据英语动词词形变化的趋势，dove 的出现似乎是不规则的。 古英语有两类动词：强式动词，其过去时形式由元音变化来体现（这一过程还存在于现代英语里，诸如drive/drove 或 fling/flung 等动词中）； 另一类为弱式动词，其过去时态形式由与现代英语-ed 后缀有关 （如现代英语中的live/lived 和 move/moved )。 自古英语时期以来，许多动词由强式变为弱式；例如help 的过去式形式以前为 healp ，已变为 helped ， step 的过去式由以前的 stop 变为 stepped 。 事实上，多年来弱式动词变得非常普遍，我们用术语规则动词 来指那些由加后缀 -ed 来构成过去式形式的动词， 然而偶尔也会向另一方向发生变化：wear 的过去形式现为 wore ，曾为 weared ； spit 的过去式现为 spat ，曾为 spitede ； dove 的发展是反历史潮流而动的一小组动词中的另外一小组动词的例子
28. A plural of diva