n.Greek Mythology （名词）【希腊神话】
1. A nymph whose unrequited love for Narcissus caused her to pine away until nothing but her voice remained.
1. Repetition of a sound by reflection of sound waves from a surface.
2. The sound produced in this manner.
3. A repetition or an imitation:
a fashion that is an echo of an earlier style.
4. A remnant or vestige:
found echoes of past civilizations while examining artifacts in the Middle East.
5. One who imitates another, as in opinions, speech, or dress.
6. A sympathetic response:
Their demand for justice found an echo in communities across the nation.
7. A consequence or repercussion:
Her resignation had echoes throughout the department.
8. Repetition of certain sounds or syllables in poetry, as in echo verse.
9. Music Soft repetition of a note or phrase.
10. Electronics A reflected wave received by a radio or radar.
11. To repeat (a sound) by the reflection of sound waves from a surface.
12. To repeat or imitate:
followers echoing the cries of their leader; events that echoed a previous incident in history.
13. To be repeated by or as if by an echo:
The shout echoed off the wall. The speaker's words echoed in her mind.
14. To resound with or as if with an echo; reverberate:
rooms echoing with laughter.
15. Middle English
16. from Old French
17. from Latin ?ch?
源自 拉丁语 ?ch?
18. from Greek ?kh?
源自 希腊语 ?kh?
19. The central meaning shared by these verbs is “to send back the sound of”:
a cry echoed by the canyon;
a cathedral roof reechoing joyous hymns;
caves that reflect the noise of footsteps;
cliffs resounding the thunder of the ocean;
blasting reverberated by quarry walls.
20. One might think that our word echo is from the name of the nymph Echo, whom Greek mythology associates with echoes. According to one version of her story, she was torn to pieces by shepherds driven to this act by the god Pan, who was hopelessly in love with her. Pieces of Echo hidden in the ground still respond to Pan's frenzied cries, producing the phenomena known as echoes. A second version of her tale has it that Echo, as a penalty for distracting Hera from observing Zeus's infidelities, lost all power of speech, except the ability to reply. This defect lost her the love of Narcissus, which caused Echo to pine away until only her voice was left. The hapless nymph, however, cannot even claim credit for echoes because the Greek word ?kh?, the source of English echo, existed with our common noun sense before any mention of Echo is found. Our word echo is first recorded in Middle English in a work composed in 1340.
您可能想到echo 这个词来自仙女埃科的名字， 她在希腊神话中与回声有关。关于她的故事，有一种说法认为，神潘爱她无望，便指使牧羊狗将她撕成碎片。她的碎片藏在地下时仍在回答潘的疯狂叫喊，于是产生了回声。另一种说法是，埃科使得赫拉察觉不到宙斯的不忠，作为惩罚被剥夺了说话的能力，只能重复别人的话。这个缺陷使她失去了纳西色斯的爱情，于是埃科不断憔悴消损，最后只留下她的声音。可惜的是这位不幸的女神并不能因为制造了回声这个词而居功，因为希腊语ekho ， 即英语中echo 的来源， 早在任何关于埃科的故事之前就存在了。我们现在的词echo 最早是在1340年出现于中世纪英文作品中