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fulsome

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ful.some

fulsome的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈfulsəm]
KK音标发音: [ˈfʊlsəm]

fulsome的词性:
adj.(形容词)

1. Offensively flattering or insincere.See Synonyms at unctuous
令人不快地恭维的或虚伪的参见 unctuous

2. Offensive to the taste or sensibilities.
品味或感觉令人厌恶的

3. Usage Problem Copious or abundant.
【用法疑难】 大量的或充足的

fulsome的词源:

4. Middle English fulsom [abundant, well-fed, arousing disgust]
中古英语 fulsom [充足的,肥胖的,引起厌恶的]

5. ful [full] * see full 1
ful [充满的] *参见 full1

6. -som [adj. suff.] * see -some 1
-som [形容词后缀] *参见 -some1

fulsome的词性:
adv.(副词)

fulsome的词性:
n.(名词)

fulsome的用法:

7. The word fulsome is often used, particularly in the expression fulsome praise, to mean simply “abundant,” without any implication of excess or insincerity. This usage is etymologically justified but may invite misunderstandings in contexts in which a deprecatory interpretation might also be available. The sentence I offer you my most fulsome apologies may unintentionally raise an eyebrow, where the use of an adjective like full or abundant would leave no room for doubt as to the sincerity of the speaker's intentions.
单词fulsome 经常使用, 尤其在表达溢美之辞 时, 只表“丰富”而没有“过分或虚伪”的意思。根据词源学判断此用法是有道理的,但却会在一些场合得到贬义的解释而引起误会。如我对你抱歉到家了 ,这句话会无意中使对方皱起眉头, 若是此处用fullabundant 之类的形容词, 就不会使听者对于说话者诚挚道歉的意图产生怀疑了