1. To have and keep in one's grasp:
held the reins tightly.
2. To aim or direct; point:
held a hose on the fire.
3. To keep from falling or moving; support:
a nail too small to hold the mirror; hold the horse steady; papers that were held together with tape and glue.
4. To sustain the pressure of:
The bridge can't hold that much weight.
5. To keep from departing or getting away:
Hold the bus! Hold the dog until I find the leash.
6. To keep in custody:
held the suspect for questioning.
7. To retain the attention or interest of:
The storyteller held the crowd spellbound. Televised sports can't hold my interest.
8. To avoid letting out or expelling:
The swimmer couldn't hold her breath any longer.
9. To be filled by; contain.
11. To have as a chief characteristic or quality:
The film holds a number of surprises.
12. To have in store:
Let's see what the future holds.
13. To have and maintain in one's possession:
holds a great deal of property.
14. To have as a responsible position or a privilege:
held the governorship for six years.
15. To have in recognition of achievement or superiority:
holds the record for the one-mile race; holds the respect of her peers.
16. To maintain control over:
The dam held the floodwaters. Thieves held the stolen painting for ransom.
17. To maintain occupation of by force or coercion:
Students held the administrative building for a week.
18. To withstand the efforts or advance of (an opposing team, for example).
19. To maintain in a given condition, situation, or action:
held himself as a gentleman at all times.
20. To impose control or restraint on; curb:
She held her temper.
21. To stop the movement or progress of:
Hold the presses!
22. To reserve or keep back from use:
Please hold two tickets for us. Please hold the relish on that hamburger.
23. To defer the immediate handling of:
asked the receptionist to hold all calls during the meeting.
24. To be the legal possessor of.
25. To bind by a contract.
26. To adjudge or decree:
The court held that the defendant was at fault.
27. To make accountable; obligate:
You certainly did hold me to my promise.
28. To keep in the mind or convey as a judgment, conviction, or point of view:
hold a grudge; hold it a point of honor not to reveal one's sources; holds that this economic program is the only answer to high prices.
29. To assert or affirm, especially formally:
This doctrine holds that people are inherently good.
30. To regard in a certain way:
I hold you in high esteem.
31. To cause to take place; carry on:
held the race in Florida; hold a yard sale.
32. To assemble for and conduct the activity of; convene:
held a meeting of the board.
33. To carry or support (the body or a bodily part) in a certain position:
Can the baby hold herself up yet? Hold up your leg.
34. To cover (the ears or the nose, for example) especially for protection:
held my nose against the stench.
35. To maintain a grasp or grip on something.
36. To stay securely fastened:
The chain held.
37. To maintain a desired or accustomed position or condition:
hopes the weather will hold.
38. To withstand stress, pressure, or opposition:
The defense held. We held firm on the negotiations.
39. To continue in the same direction:
The ship held to a southwesterly course.
40. To be valid, applicable, or true:
The theory holds. This is an observation that still holds true.
41. To have legal right or title. Often used with of or from.
有合法权利或权益的。常与of 或 from 连用
42. To halt an intended action. Often used in the imperative.
43. To stop the countdown during a missile or spacecraft launch.
44. Slang To have in one's possession illicit or illegally obtained material or goods, especially narcotics:
The suspect was holding.
45. The act or a means of grasping.
46. A manner of grasping an opponent, as in wrestling or aikido:
a neck hold; an arm hold.
47. Something that may be grasped or gripped, as for support.
48. A bond or force that attaches or restrains, or by which something is affected or dominated:
a writer with a strong hold on the reading public.
49. Complete control:
has a firm hold on the complex issues.
50. Full understanding:
has a good hold on physics.
52. The sustaining of a note longer than its indicated time value.
53. The symbol designating this pause; a fermata.
54. A direction or an indication that something is to be reserved or deferred.
55. A temporary halt, as in a countdown.
56. A prison cell.
57. The state of being in confinement; custody.
58. Archaic A fortified place; a stronghold.
59. To retain in one's possession or control:
held back valuable information; held back my tears.
60. To impede the progress of.
61. To restrain oneself.
62. To limit:
Please hold the noise down.
63. To have (a job):
holds down two jobs.
64. To talk at great length.
65. To keep at a distance; resist:
held the creditors off.
66. To stop or delay doing something:
Let's hold off until we have more data.
67. To maintain one's grip; cling.
68. To continue to do something; persist.
69. To wait for something wanted or requested, especially to keep a telephone connection open.
70. To present or proffer as something attainable.
71. To continue to be in supply or service; last:
Our food is holding out nicely.
72. To continue to resist:
The defending garrison held out for a month.
73. To refuse to reach or satisfy an agreement.
74. To postpone or delay.
75. To keep in a position or state from an earlier period of time.
76. To continue a term of office past the usual length of time.
77. To prolong the engagement of:
The film was held over for weeks.
78. To remain loyal or faithful to:
She held to her resolutions.
79. To obstruct or delay.
80. To rob while armed, often at gunpoint.
81. To offer or present as an example:
held the essay up as a model for the students.
82. To continue to function without losing force or effectiveness; cope:
managed to hold up under the daily stress.
83. To agree with; support:
I don't hold with your theories.
84. To come into possession of; find:
Where can I get hold of a copy?
85. To communicate with, as by telephone:
tried to get hold of you but the line was busy.
86. To gain control of. Often used reflexively:
You must get hold of yourself
87. To compare favorably with:
This film doesn't hold a candle to his previous ones.
88. To do reasonably well despite difficulty or criticism.
89. To withhold something from:
Don't hold out on me; start telling the truth.
90. To pressure (someone) to consent to or undertake something.
91. To have a controlling influence; dominate.
92. To be left with empty hands.
93. To be forced to assume total responsibility when it ought to have been shared.
94. To assume responsibility, especially in another's absence.
95. To maintain a secure position.
96. To maintain the existing position or state of affairs:
had to hold the line on salary increases in the fourth quarter.
97. To stop doing what one is engaged in doing. Often used in the imperative:
Hold the phone
98. To stand up to critical examination:
Your theory does not hold water. The witnesses' conflicting stories held no water.
99. Without limits or restraints.
100. Into a state of temporary interruption without total disconnection during a telephone call:
had to put me on hold for five minutes.
101. Informal Into a state of delay or indeterminate suspension:
had to put the romance on hold.
102. Middle English holden
103. from Old English healdan
源自 古英语 healdan
n.Abbr. hld（名词）缩写 hld
104. The lower interior part of a ship or an airplane in which cargo is stored.
106. of Middle English hole [husk, hull of a ship]
中古英语 hole的变化 [外壳，船的外体]
107. from Old English hulu * see kel- 1
源自 古英语 hulu *参见 kel- 1