1. To form an opinion or estimation of after careful consideration:
judge heights; judging character.
2. Law To hear and decide on in a court of law; try:
judge a case.
3. Obsolete To pass sentence on; condemn.
4. To act as one appointed to decide the winners of:
judge an essay contest.
5. To determine or declare after consideration or deliberation.
6. Informal To have as an opinion or assumption; suppose:
I judge you're right.
7. Bible To govern; rule. Used of an ancient Israelite leader.
8. To form an opinion or evaluation.
9. To act or decide as a judge.
10. One who judges, especially:
11. One who makes estimates as to worth, quality, or fitness:
a good judge of used cars; a poor judge of character.
12. Abbr. J, jLaw A public official who hears and decides cases brought before a court of law.
缩写 J， j【法律】 法官，审判员：在法庭上听审并审判案子的政府官员
13. Law A bankruptcy referee.
14. One appointed to decide the winners of a contest or competition.
16. A leader of the Israelites during a period of about 400 years between the death of Joshua and the accession of Saul.
18. Middle English jugen
19. from Anglo-Norman juger
源自 英法语 juger
20. from Latin i?dic3re
源自 拉丁语 i?dic3re
21. from i?dex i?dic- [judge] * see deik-
源自 i?dex i?dic- [法官] *参见 deik-
22. These nouns denote persons who make decisions that determine points at issue. Ajudge is one capable of making rational, dispassionate, and wise decisions:
The members of the jury are the sole judges of what the truth is in this case. Anarbitrator works to settle controversies and is either appointed or derives authority from the consent of the disputants, who choose him or her or approve the selection:
陪审团的成员们是这个案件真相的唯一审判员。 Arbitrator 致力于解决争端， 他可以是指定任命的，也可以是由推举他（或她）或赞成此推举的争议人同意而产生的：
The mayor appointed an experienced arbitrator to mediate between the sides and resolve the transit strike. An arbiter is one who may or may not have official status but whose opinion or judgment is recognized as being unassailable or binding:
市长委派一位有经验的仲裁人在各方之间作调停并且解决这场公共交通罢工。 Arbiter 可以指有官方地位也可以指没有官方地位的人， 但其观点或判断被承认是无可争议或者必须遵守的：
a critic who considers himself the supreme arbiter of literary taste. Less often arbiter is used interchangeably with arbitrator. A referee is an attorney appointed by a court to make a determination of a case or to investigate and report on it (
认为自己是文学鉴赏的最杰出评判者的批评家。 Arbiter 通常较少与 arbitrator 互换使用。 Referee 是法庭指定来对一个案件作决定或作调查汇报的律师(
a bankruptcy case handled by a referee), and an umpire is a person appointed to settle an issue that arbitrators are unable to resolve (
由一位律师处理的破产案)， 而umpire 是指指定来解决仲裁人未能解决的事务的人(
umpires studying complex tax cases). In sports referee and umpire refer to officials who enforce the rules and settle points at issue.
研究复杂税务案件的公断人)。 在运动中referee 和 umpire 都指执行规则并且解决争议点的执法人