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共找到2项关于junk意思的翻译解释和用法说明  junk 1  |  junk 2
同义词
debris
litter
rubbish
scrap
ship
trash

相关词
junk
junker
junket
junketeer
junkie
junky
junkyard

常用短语
junk art
junk bond
junk food
junk mail

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• junk artist
废料艺术家。
• junk bond
后保债券,价格低但风险大的债券。
• junk bottle
[美]深色啤酒瓶。
• junk box
废料捕集槽。废料箱。
• junk dealer
废旧品商人。
• junk fax
广告电传,电传广告。
• junk feeler
废铁堆探头。
• junk food
垃圾食品,无营养食品。
• junk head
汽缸盖,汽缸头。
• junk heap
[美俚]破旧汽车。
• junk mail
邮寄宣传品。
• junk market
废旧品市场。
• junk price
赔本价钱。
• junk ring
填料函压盖,密封杯。活塞顶。
• junk ring bolt
压环螺栓。
• junk sculpture
废品雕塑(利用金属片、碎玻璃、木块、胶块等材料)。
• junk shop
旧货店。
• junk store
旧货店,旧货摊。


junk 1

junk的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [dʒʌŋk]
KK音标发音: [dʒʌŋk]

junk的词性:
n.(名词)

1. Discarded material, such as glass, rags, paper, or metal, that may be reused in some form.
破烂,垃圾:丢弃的东西,如玻璃、碎布、纸片或金属等可以用某种方式重复使用的东西

2. Informal
【非正式用语】

3. Articles that are worn-out or fit to be discarded:
废旧杂物:破旧的、不能再用的或应该抛弃的物件:

用法与例句:

broken furniture and other junk in the attic.
阁楼里的破旧家具和其它废旧杂物

4. Cheap or shoddy material.
便宜的、廉价的东西

5. Something meaningless, fatuous, or unbelievable:
胡说八道、乌七八糟的东西:毫无意义的、愚昧的或不可信的东西:

用法与例句:

nothing but junk in the annual report.
年度报告中除了一些废话什么都没有

6. Slang Heroin.
【俚语】 海洛因

7. Hard salt beef for consumption on board a ship.
硬咸牛肉:在船上吃的硬咸牛肉

junk的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

junkedjunkingjunks

8. To throw away or discard as useless; scrap.
扔掉,丢弃:当作废物抛弃,废弃;抛弃

junk的词性:
adj.(形容词)

9. Cheap, shoddy, or worthless:
廉价的:便宜的、以次充好的或没有价值的:

用法与例句:

junk jewelry.
廉价珠宝

10. Having a superficial appeal or utility, but lacking substance:
徒有其表的:表面上看来很吸引人或有用但缺乏内容或实质的:

用法与例句:

“the junk issues that have dominated this year's election”(New Republic)
“支配本年度选举的华而不实的议题”(新共和国)

junk的词源:

11. Middle English jonk [an old cable or rope]
中古英语 jonk [旧的缆绳或绳子]

junk的注释:

12. The word junk is an example of the change in meaning known as generalization, and very aptly too, since the amount of junk in the world seems to be generalizing and proliferating rapidly. The Middle English word jonk, ancestor of junk, originally had a very specific meaning restricted to nautical terminology. First recorded in 1353, the word meant “an old cable or rope.” On a sailing ship it made little sense to throw away useful material since considerable time might pass before one could get new supplies. Old cable was used in a variety of ways, for example, to make fenders, that is, material hung over the side of the ship to protect it from scraping other ships or wharves. Junk came to refer to this old cable as well. The big leap in meaning taken by the word seems to have occurred when junk was applied to discarded but useful material in general. This extension may also have taken place in a nautical context, for the earliest, more generalized use of junk is found in the compound junk shop, referring to a store where old materials from ships were sold. Junk has gone on to mean useless waste as well.
Junk 一词是被称为词义扩大化的例子;由于世界上垃圾的数量正在迅速扩散和激增,该词词义的扩大也是很适宜的。 junk 一词源自古英语单词 jonk , 其最初的意思只限于航海术语当中。1353年首次记载下来时,该词义为“旧缆绳或旧绳子”。在帆船上,扔掉有用的东西是不明智的,因为也许要过去好长一段时间才有可能得到新的供应品。旧缆绳可用在很多不同的方面,例如用来做防撞物,即悬在船舷上保护船舷不受其它船只或码头刮擦的材料。Junk 同样也用来指旧缆绳。 当junk 普遍地被用来指丢弃了的然而有用的材料时,该词的词义发生了巨大的变化。 该词的词义延伸也可能已经出现在与航海有关的背景中,因为junk 一词最早的、更为概括性的使用是在 junk shop 这一复合词中发现的。 该词指出售船上旧材料的商店。Junk 仍继续用来指没用的废旧物品

junk 2

junk的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [dʒʌŋk]
KK音标发音: [dʒʌŋk]

junk的词性:
n.Nautical (名词)【航海】

13. A Chinese flatbottomed ship with a high poop and battened sails.
中国式帆船:一种中国式平底帆船,有高高的艉楼和固定的船帆

junk的词源:

14. Portuguese junco
葡萄牙语 junco

15. or Dutch jonk
或 荷兰语 jonk

16. both from Javanese djong
都源自 爪哇语 djong