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ka.put 也作 ka.putt

kaput的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [kɑ:ˈput, -ˈpu:t, kə-]
KK音标发音: [kɑˈpʊt, -ˈput, kə-]

kaput的词性:
adj.Informal (形容词)【非正式用语】

1. Having been destroyed; wrecked.
完蛋了的:被破坏了的;毁坏的,遇难的

2. Having been incapacitated.
不适合的,无能力的

kaput的词源:

3. German kaputt
德语 kaputt

4. from French capot [not having won a single trick at piquet]
源自 法语 capot [在皮克牌游戏中未赢一圈的]

kaput的注释:

5. The games people play can become deadly serious, as exemplified by the word kaput. Our word is an adoption of the German word kaputt, whose senses are similar to those of the English word. German in turn borrowed this word from the French gaming tables, where capot as an adjective meant “not having won a single trick at piquet.” Devastating as this might be to a piquet player, it would surprise kibitzers to see how widely the word's range of meaning has been extended in German and English, in which it is first recorded in 1895. For example, one's car can be kaput and so can oneself. As for the ultimate source of French capot we cannot be certain, but it seems to go back to a modern Proven?al word, of which the first element is cap, “head.”
人们在玩牌时可能变得非常认真,如kaput 一词例示的这个英语单词是吸收了德语 kaputt 一词演变而来的。 该德语词的词义与它的词义相似。而德国人又从法国人的赌桌上借用了该词。在赌桌上,capot 作为一个形容词又为“打皮克牌时未赢一圈的”。 尽管这样可能会令玩皮克牌的人晦气,旁观并议论牌局的人也许会吃惊地发现该词在德语和英语中的引申义是多么广泛。该词于1895年首次记载在德语和英语中。例如,车主的车可能会损坏,车主也可能失败。至于法语capot 一词的词源, 我们不甚了解,但似乎可以追溯到现代普罗旺斯语,其中的第一个成分cap 表示“头”的意思

1. Important derivatives are: head, cadet, capital1 caprice, captain, cattle, chapter, chief, biceps, decapitate, kerchief, mischief
重要派生词为: headcadetcapital1 capricecaptaincattlechapterchiefbicepsdecapitatekerchiefmischief

2. Head.
头,领袖.

3.

4. head , from Old English h?afod , head;
head , 源自 古英语 h?afod , 头;

5. hetman , from Old High German houbit , head. Both a and b from Germanic *haubudam , *haubidam .
hetman , 源自 古高地德语 houbit , 领袖. ab 都源自 日耳曼语 *haubudam , *haubidam .

6. cadet , cape 2 , capital 1 , capital 2 , capitate , capitation , capitellum , ( capitulate ), capitulum , capo 1 , ( capo 2 ), caprice , captain , cattle , caudillo , ( chapiter ), chapter , chief , chieftain , corporal 2 ; biceps , decapitate , kerchief , mischief , occiput , precipitate , recapitulate , sinciput , triceps , from Latin caput , head
cadet , cape 2 , capital 1 , capital 2 , capitate , capitation , capitellum , ( capitulate ), capitulum , capo 1 , ( capo 2 ), caprice , captain , cattle , caudillo , ( chapiter ), chapter , chief , chieftain , corporal 2 ; biceps , decapitate , kerchief , mischief , occiput , precipitate , recapitulate , sinciput , triceps , 源自 拉丁语 caput , 头,领袖.

kaput的词源:

7. Pokorny kap-ut- 529.
波科尔尼kap-ut- 529.