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lethargy

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leth.ar.gy

lethargy的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈleθədʒi:]
KK音标发音: [ˈlɛθɚdʒi]

lethargy的词性:
n.(名词)

【复数】 lethargies

1. A state of sluggishness, inactivity, and apathy.
无精打采,呆滞:懒散,无生气,冷漠的状态

2. A state of unconsciousness resembling deep sleep.
类似于熟睡的无意识状态

lethargy的词源:

3. Middle English letargie
中古英语 letargie

4. from Old French
源自 古法语

5. from Late Latin l?th3rgia
源自 后期拉丁语 l?th3rgia

6. from Greek l?thargia
源自 希腊语 l?thargia

7. from l?thargos [forgetful]
源自 l?thargos [健忘的]

8. l?th? [forgetfulness]
l?th? [健忘]

9. argos [idle] a- [without] * see a- 1 ergon [work] * see erg
argos [懒散的] a- [没有] *参见 a-1 ergon [工作] *参见 erg

【近义词】

lethargylassitudetorportorpiditystuporlanguor

10. These nouns refer to a deficiency in mental and physical alertness and activity.
这些名词都是指精神或者肉体警觉和活动效力的丧失。

11. Lethargy, a state of sluggishness and inactivity, may be caused by factors such as illness, fatigue, or overwork, but it manifests itself in drowsy dullness or apathy:
Lethargy 意指无精打采及没有活力的状态,可能因诸如疾病、疲劳或过度劳作等方面的因素引起,但是该词表明自己是令人昏昏欲睡的单调乏味与呆滞:

用法与例句:

A surprise military attack roused the nation from its lethargy.
一次令人吃惊的军事进攻把全国人民从昏昏噩噩中惊醒。

12. Lassitude implies weariness or diminished energy such as might result from physical or mental strain:
Lassitude 意指诸如可能因肉体或精神过度紧张等原因而引起的疲倦或精力的减弱:

用法与例句:

“His anger had evaporated; he felt nothing but utter lassitude” (John Galsworthy).
“他的怒火已消失殆尽;他唯一的感觉就是完全的困乏” (约翰·高尔斯华绥)。

13. Torpor and torpidity suggest the suspension of activity characteristic of an animal in hibernation; they imply lethargy or inertia:
Torportorpidity 都表示处于冬眠状态的动物的活力特征的暂停; 他们都含有无精打采或迟钝的意思:

用法与例句:

“My calmness was the torpor of despair” (Charles Brockden Brown).
“我的镇静是我绝望的麻木” (查尔斯·布罗克登·布朗)”。

用法与例句:

Nothing could dispel the torpidity of the indifferent audience.
任何东西都无法驱散那些冷漠观众的困倦。

14. Stupor, which is marked by cessation or great decrease of mental activity or feeling, is often produced by sleepiness, illness, or the effects of alcohol or narcotics; it suggests a benumbed or dazed state:
Stupor 常以精神活动或感觉的中止或急剧减弱为标志,常因困倦、疾病或酒精或麻醉品的作用而产生;它表示麻木或发呆的状态:

用法与例句:

“The huge height of the buildings . . . the hubbub and endless stir . . . struck me into a kind of stupor of surprise” (Robert Louis Stevenson).
“建筑物的巨大高度…大声喧嚷及无尽的骚动…使我陷入了吃惊的麻木不仁之中” (罗伯特·路易斯·史蒂文森)。

15. Languor is the lack of energy or spirit typical of one who is indolent or satiated by a life of luxury or pleasure:
Languor 指由奢华或淫乐的生活造成的好逸恶劳的人缺乏精力或精神:

用法与例句:

“But for the criminal . . . languor which characterized that commander's movements . . . the honor of France might still have been saved” (John Lothrop Motley).
“如果不是因为罪犯…指挥官的消沉怠倦的行为…法兰西的荣誉或许能得到挽救” (约翰·娄斯罗普·莫特利)