在线英汉词典
Search
共找到1项关于mastiff意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
相关词
bullmastiff
mastiff

常用短语
mastiff bat

单词意思查询Top5
outlet的意思
logo的意思
menu的意思
combo的意思
premium的意思

单词翻译查询Top5
profile的翻译
account的翻译
compliance的翻译
service的翻译
portfolio的翻译

单词解释查询Top5
audio的解释
review的解释
bean的解释
award的解释
eagle的解释

单词用法查询Top5
let的用法
compare的用法
would的用法
return的用法
see的用法

缩写词Top10
CEO
NBA
BBC
DIY
SW
CV
WTO
MS
DJ
FLTA

VOA English Radio



外语学习论坛新贴


mas.tiff

mastiff的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈmæstif]
KK音标发音: [ˈmæstɪf]

mastiff的词性:
n.(名词)

1. Any of an ancient breed of large, strong dogs, probably originating in Asia and having a short, often fawn-colored coat.
獒犬,大驯犬:古代一种大而强壮的狗,可能源于亚洲,具有短且呈黄褐色的皮毛

mastiff的词源:

2. Middle English mastif
中古英语 mastif

3. alteration of Old French mastin
古法语 mastin的变化

4. from Vulgar Latin *(canis) m3nsu?tonus [tame (dog)]
源自 俗拉丁语 *(canis) m3nsu?tonus [驯养的(狗)]

5. from Latin m3nsu?tus [past participle of] m3nsu?scere [to tame]
源自 拉丁语 m3nsu?tus [] m3nsu?scere的过去分词 [驯养,驯服]

6. manus [hand] * see man- 2
manus [手] *参见 man- 2

7. su?scere [to accustom] * see s(w)e-
su?scere [习惯于,适应于] *参见 s(w)e-

mastiff的注释:

8. The mastiff, which was at one time used in bullbaiting and bearbaiting as well as in dogfights, is ultimately named not for its fierceness but for its tameness. To find this tameness we must look back to the ultimate source of mastiff in the Latin word m3nsu?tus, “tame, domesticated,” itself derived from the past participle of manusu?scere, “to tame,” made up of the root man- found in the word manus, “hand,” and the verb su?scere, “to become accustomed to.” Tame beasts are accustomed to the hand. To explain how mansu?scere became mastiff, we must follow it through its Vulgar Latin development, .mansu?tonus, “domesticated,” and the later Old French development, mastin, “mastiff.” While being borrowed into English, mastin was probably blended with the Old French word mestif, “mongrel,” and was possibly influenced by the Medieval Latin word mastovus, “mastiff,” probably itself an error for mastonus, which came from the same Vulgar Latin source as the Old French word. Mastiff is first recorded in Middle English (as mastif ) in a work written before 1387.
曾经一度被用于纵狗斗牛、纵狗斗熊以及斗狗的大驯犬,最终并不是因为它的凶狠而是因为它的驯顺命名。要找到这种驯顺,我们必须回溯到mastiff 的最终拉丁语词源 mansuetus 意为“驯服,驯养”, 该词本身源于manusuescere “驯养”的过去分词, 由man- 构成, 始于manus (意为“手”)和动词 suesere “适应,习惯于”。 被驯养的野兽习惯于驯养者的手。要知道mansuecere 如何成 mastiff , 我们必须紧跟它在俗拉丁语中的发展,mansuetinus (“驯服的”)以及后来古法语的发展 mastin “猛犬”。 当mastin 一词借用到英语中时,它可能和古法语词 mestif (“杂种狗”)相混合, 还可能受中世纪拉丁语词mastivus (“大驯犬”)的影响, 但也许这个词本身就是同样作为古法语词来源于俗拉丁语的mastinus 的误写。 Mastiff 在1387年的一部作品中首次出现在中世纪英语里(当时写作 mastif