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共找到2项关于plantation意思的翻译解释和用法说明  Plan.ta.tion  |  plan.ta.tion
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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• plantation duty
大垦殖场税。
• plantation economy
种植园经济。
• plantation pole
长度单位(=6.4米)。
• plantation rubber
天然橡胶,种植橡胶。


Plan.ta.tion

plantation的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [plænˈteiʃən]
KK音标发音: [plænˈteʃən]

plantation的词性:
NONE(无词性)

1. A city of southeast Florida, a residential suburb of Fort Lauderdale. Population, 48,501.
普兰塔寻:美国佛罗里达州东南部城市,是劳德代尔堡的一个市郊居住宅区。人口48,501

plan.ta.tion

plantation的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [plænˈteiʃən]
KK音标发音: [plænˈteʃən]

plantation的词性:
n.(名词)

1. An area under cultivation.
种植场:耕作的土地

2. A group of cultivated trees or plants.
人工造林,大规模培植的植物:大片栽培的树或植物

3. A large estate or farm on which crops are raised, often by resident workers.
种植园:种植庄稼的大型种植园或农场,经常由居住的工人种植

4. A newly established settlement; a colony.
殖民地,新开发地:新建立的移民地;殖民地

plantation的注释:

5. It has probably seemed ironic to more than one reader that the same word plantation appears in the name Plimoth Plantation, a settlement of people seeking freedom of religion, albeit their particular form of religion, and also as the term for the estates of the pre-Civil War South with their beautiful mansions for the white elite and their hovels for the oppressed Black slaves. These two uses of the word plantation illustrate two sense developments of the word, which is first recorded in Middle English as plantacioun in a work probably written during the first quarter of the 15th century. Latin plant3ti?, the source of our English word, originally meant “propagation of a plant, as from cuttings,” but in Medieval Latin developed other related senses, such as “planting,” “foundation, establishment,” and “nursery, or collection of growing plants that have been planted.” The two senses that were used in New England and in the South can thus be explained. The Plimoth sense is derived from the notion of a settlement or colony that has been established or planted in a new country. The Southern sense goes back to the notion of simply planting crops, in this case crops such as tobacco or cotton that are grown on estates or farms in subtropical or tropical climates and were at one time worked by slave labor.
同样的单词plantation 出现在名称 Plimoth Plantation (普利茅斯种植园)中,这对不止一名读者来说,可能看起来是具讽刺意味的, 该名称指寻求宗教自由的人的小型社区,虽然他们的宗教形式很特别,也是作为内战前南方庄园的术语,指供高贵白种人居住的漂亮公馆和受压迫的黑人奴隶居住的破旧茅屋。单词plantation 的这两种用法说明了这个单词两种意思的发展, 其以可能于15世纪最初二十五年创作的一部作品中的plantacioun 形式首次记录进中世纪英语。 拉丁文plantatio 是我们这个英语单词的词源, 最初意为“植物的繁殖,如通过供插栽小枝,”但是在中世纪拉丁文中又发展了其它的相关的意思,例如“种植、”“建立、设立”和“苗圃或已被种植的活的植物的集合。”这样,用在新英格兰和南方的这两种意思就能够解释了。普利茅斯种植园的意思是从在新的国家中建立或移民的新拓居地或殖民地的概念中引申出来的。南方庄园的意思则可追溯到简易耕种作物的概念上来,在这种情况下,例如烟草或棉花等农作物,生长在亚热带或热带气候的庄园或农场,且一段时间以来由奴隶种植