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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• rather better than
似乎稍胜[较好]。
• rather than
胜于。
• rather too
稍微...一点。
• rather too salt
太贪暴利。


rath.er

rather的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈræðə, ˈrɑ:ðə]
KK音标发音: [ˈræðɚ, ˈrɑðɚ]

rather的词性:
adv.(副词)

1. More readily; preferably:
宁可:更愿意地;较合意地:

用法与例句:

I'd rather go to the movies.
我宁愿去看电影

2. With more reason, logic, wisdom, or other justification.
较合理地:有更多原因、学识、逻辑或其他证明地

3. More exactly; more accurately:
更确切地;更精确地:

用法与例句:

He's my friend, or rather he was my friend.
他是我的朋友,不过更确切地说,他曾经是我的朋友

4. To a certain extent; somewhat:
相当地:达到一定程度地:

用法与例句:

rather cold.
相当寒冷

5. On the contrary.
相反地

6. [r2“Y?r“, r?“-] Chiefly British Most certainly. Used as an emphatic affirmative reply.
[r2“Y?r“, r?“-] 【多用于英国】 当然:最肯定地。做为对肯定性回答的加强语气

rather的词源:

7. Middle English
中古英语

8. from Old English hrathor [comparative of] hr?the [quickly, soon]
源自 古英语 hrathor [] hr?the的比较级 [快地,很快地]

9. from hr?th [quick]
源自 hr?th [快的]

rather的用法:

10. In expressions of preference rather is commonly preceded by would or in formal style should :
在表达选择的意思时rather 一词往往跟在 would 或更正式的形式 should 之后:

用法与例句:

We would rather rent the house than buy it outright.
我们宁可租这幢房子,也不愿直接买下它。

用法与例句:

I should rather my daughter attended a public school.
我希望我的女儿能上公立学校。

11. The use of had in these constructions may now be more infrequent than it once was but is still encountered in reputable writing:
在上述结构中使用had 现在没有过去常用, 但即使在十分著名的文章中,还能发现这种用法:

用法与例句:

I had rather be dead than be a slave.
我宁可死去,也不愿意当奴隶。

12. This use of had was once widely criticized as a mistake, the result of a misanalysis of the contraction in sentences such as I'd rather stay. But it is in fact a survival of the subjunctive form had that appears in constructions like had better and had best, as in
这种对had 的使用曾经招致广泛的批评, 人们认为这是由于对I'd rather stay 这句话简略形式的误解所致。 但实际上这是对例如在had betterhad besthad 虚拟用法的延用,我们能说:

用法与例句:

We had better leave her alone. (Notice that in these constructions would and should cannot be used.)
我们最好由她去(注意在这种句子中不可使用 wouldshould )。

13. This use of had shows an unbroken line of usage running back to Middle English, and traditional criticisms of these constructions are unfounded. · Before an unmodified noun only rather a is used: It was rather a disaster. When the noun is preceded by an adjective, however, both rather a and a rather are found: It was rather a boring party. It was a rather boring party. When a rather is used in this construction, rather can be construed as qualifying only the adjective, whereas with rather a it can be construed as qualifying either the adjective or the entire noun phrase. Thus a rather long ordeal can mean only “an ordeal that is rather long,” whereas rather a long ordeal can also mean roughly “a long process that is something of an ordeal.” Rather a is the only possible choice when the adjective itself does not permit modification: The horse was rather a long shot (not The horse was a rather long shot ). See Usage Note at better 1should
Had 的这种使用方法可以一直追溯到中古英语, 但历史上并没有对此方法批评的记载。在一个没有修饰词的名词前,一般只使用rather a真是一场灾难。 但当名词前有形容词时,rather aa rather 就都能使用了: It was rather a boring party 。It was a rather a boring party 。 在这种搭配中,如果使用a ratherrather 只是用来修饰这个形容词; 如果使用rather a, 那么同时修饰形容词和名词,即可认为修饰形容词也可以为修饰名词词组。 因此a rather long ordeal 的意思仅指布道很长, 而rather a long ordeal 则可概略地指一个“像布道似的漫长过程。” 如果形容词本身没有引申义,那么就只能使用rather aThe horse was rather a long shot (而不是 The horse was a rather long shot ) 参见 better1should