1. Open, armed, and organized resistance to a constituted government.
2. An act or a show of defiance toward an authority or established convention.
3. Middle English
4. from Old French
5. from Latin rebelli? rebelli?n-
源自 拉丁语 rebelli? rebelli?n-
7. These nouns denote acts of violence intended to change or overthrow an existing order or authority.
8. Rebellion is open, armed, organized resistance to constituted political authority that often fails of its purpose:
A rebellion in the officer corps led to chaos in the armed forces. A revolution is the overthrow of one government and its replacement with another:
下士军官们的反叛导致了武装力量的混乱。 Revolution 是指推翻一个政府并用另一个政府来替代：
The 20th century has seen several major revolutions, which in turn have altered the balance of power among nations.
9. Revolt is rejection of and rebellion against a prevailing state of affairs or a controlling authority:
Fearing a taxpayers' revolt, the legislature passed a less confiscatory revenue bill.
10. Mutiny is revolt against constituted authority, especially by sailors:
The sailors, who had received low pay and poor rations, were finally in a state of mutiny.
11. Insurrection and uprising apply to popular revolts that are sometimes limited or are viewed as being the first indications of a more extensive rebellion:
Insurrection 和uprising 都用于指普遍的反抗， 有时这种反抗仅限于或被看作是更广泛造反的前兆：
The freedom fighters withdrew into the mountains, from which they mounted an insurrection against the junta.
The 1956 uprising in Hungary was soon quelled by ruthless Soviet military action.