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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• relieve a sentry
换哨[防]。
• relieve guard
换岗。接[换]岗。
• relieve nature
解手,大便,小便。
• relieve of
解除,消除。减轻...之...。
• relieve one's feelings
发泄感情。
• relieve oneself
大小便。
• relieve the bowels
大小便。
• relieve valve
安全阀。


re.lieve

relieve的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [riˈli:v]
KK音标发音: [rɪˈliv]

relieve的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

relievedrelievingrelieves

1. To cause a lessening or alleviation of:
减缓:导致…的减轻或缓和:

用法与例句:

relieved all his symptoms; relieved the tension.
减轻了他的所有症状;缓和紧张局面

2. To free from pain, anxiety, or distress.
免于痛苦:脱离痛苦,焦虑或者苦恼

3. To furnish assistance or aid to.
救济:为…提供帮助或援助

4. To rescue from siege.
弛缓:从围困解救出来

5. To release (a person) from an obligation, a restriction, or a burden, as by law or legislation.
解除义务:解除(一个人的)义务,限止或负担,如通过法律或立法方式解除

6. To free from a specified duty by providing or acting as a substitute.
使替班:用提供或充当替代物的方式从特定的义务中解脱出来

7. To make less tedious, monotonous, or unpleasant:
给予变化:使变得较不乏味,较不单调或较不令人不快:

用法与例句:

Only one small candle relieved the gloom.
只要有一支小小的蜡烛就能增添朦胧的意境

8. To make prominent or effective by contrast; set off.
使醒目:通过比较变得突出或印象深刻的;衬托出

9. Informal To rob or deprive:
【非正式用语】 抢劫或掠夺:

用法与例句:

Pickpockets relieved him of his money.
扒手偷走了他的钱

relieve的习惯用语

10. To urinate or defecate.
排泄:小便或大便

relieve的词源:

11. Middle English releven
中古英语 releven

12. from Old French relever
源自 古法语 relever

13. from Latin relev3re
源自 拉丁语 relev3re

14. re- [re-]
re- [前辍,表“后退”]

15. lev3re [to raise] * see leg wh-
lev3re [提高] *参见 leg wh-

relieve的词性:
adj.(形容词)

relieve的词性:
n.(名词)

【近义词】

relieveallayalleviateassuagelightenmitigatepalliate

16. All of these verbs mean to make something less severe or more bearable. To relieve is to ease and make more endurable something causing discomfort or distress:
所有这些动词意味着使某事变得不太严重或更可忍受。Relieve 指缓解或使造成不快或压抑的某事变得可以忍受:

用法与例句:

“that misery which he strives in vain to relieve” (Henry David Thoreau).
“他徒劳地奋力去减轻苦难” (亨利·大卫·梭罗)。

用法与例句:

“The counselor relieved her fears” (Sir Walter Scott).
“顾问消除了她的恐惧” (瓦尔特·施科特爵士)。

17. Allay suggests relief at least for the time being from what is burdensome or painful:
Allay 意味着至少是暂时从造成负担或痛苦的事物中解脱出来:

用法与例句:

“This music crept by me upon the waters,/Allaying both their fury and my passion/With its sweet air” (Shakespeare).
“在水面音乐爬上我的心头/平息了他们的愤怒和我的热情/用它甜美的声音” (莎士比亚)。

18. Alleviate connotes temporary lessening of distress without removal of its cause:
Alleviate 指短暂的减轻压抑而没有解决其根源:

用法与例句:

“No arguments shall be wanting on my part that can alleviate so severe a misfortune” (Jane Austen). To assuage is to soothe or make milder:
“对我来说要减轻如此严重的不幸,不需要任何争论” (简·奥斯汀)。Assuage 是抚慰或使更适度:

用法与例句:

“What shall assuage the unforgotten pain/And teach the unforgetful to forget?” (Dante Gabriel Rossetti).
“什么会抚慰不能忘却的痛苦/并且让无法忘怀的人学会遗忘?” (但丁·加布利亚尔·罗塞蒂)。

19. Lighten in this comparison signifies to make less heavy or oppressive:
Lighten 在这种比较中指使变得不太沉重或不太压抑:

用法与例句:

Congress endeavored to lighten the taxpayers' burden.
国会努力减轻纳税人的负担。

20. Mitigate and palliate connote moderating the severity, force, or intensity of something that causes suffering:
Mitigate 和palliate 都意味着减弱造成痛苦的事物严重性、力量或强度:

用法与例句:

“I . . . prayed to the Lord to mitigate a calamity which seemed to me past the capacity of man to remedy” (John Galt).
“我…向上帝祈祷,祈求他减轻这场人力所不能补救的灾难” (约翰·加尔特)。

用法与例句:

“His well-known financial ability made men turn to him in the hour of distress, as of all statesmen the most fitted to palliate it” (William E.H. Lecky).
“他广为人知的融资能力使得人们在痛苦的时候向他求助,就象最合适的政治家来减轻它一样” (威廉E·H·勒凯)