1. To retire from; give up or abandon.
2. To put aside or desist from (something practiced, professed, or intended).
3. To let go; surrender.
4. To cease holding physically; release:
relinquish a grip.
5. Middle English relinquisshen
6. from Old French relinquir relinquiss-
源自 古法语 relinquir relinquiss-
7. from Latin relinquere
源自 拉丁语 relinquere
8. re- [re-]
9. linquere [to leave] * see leik w-
linquere [离开] *参见 leik w-
10. These verbs have in common the sense of letting something go or giving something up.
11. Relinquish, the least specific, sometimes connotes unwillingness or regret:
can't bear to relinquish the idea.
12. Yield implies giving way, as to pressure or superior authority, often in the hope that such action will be temporary:
gradually had to yield ground.
13. Resign suggests unresisting submission or acquiescence, as that arising from hopelessness:
was forced by the scandal to resign the office to which he had been elected.
14. Abandon and surrender agree in implying no expectation of returning to or recovering what is given up, but the terms differ in that surrender implies the operation of compulsion, demand, or force:
Abandon 和surrender 在意味不存在已失去的东西的回归或恢复的希望时是一致的， 但是这两个词的区别是surrender 意味着强迫、命令或力量之下的行动：
abandoned all hope;
refusing to surrender control.
15. Cede connotes formal transfer, as of rights or territory:
a province ceded by treaty.
16. Waive implies a voluntary decision to dispense with something, such as a claim or right:
waived all privileges. To renounce is to relinquish something formally and usually as a matter of principle:
放弃所有的特权。 Renounce 是正式地放弃某事物，通常是原则性的事物：
renounced his claim to the estate.