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共找到1项关于retire意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
同义词
abdicate
discharge
dismiss
expel
• go to bed
quit
recede
relinquish
remove
resign
retreat
suspend
vacate
withdraw

相关词
retire
retired
retiree
retirement

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• retire documents
赎单。
• retire from service
退役[职]。
• retire from the world
遁世,成为隐士。出家。
• retire into oneself
退隐。
• retire into private life
退休。


re.tire

retire的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [riˈtair]
KK音标发音: [rɪˈtaɪr]

retire的词性:
v.(动词)

retiredretiringretires

retire的词性:
v.intr.(不及物动词)

1. To withdraw, as for rest or seclusion.
隐退:退出,如为了休息或隐居而退出

2. To go to bed.
就寝:上床睡觉

3. To withdraw from one's occupation, business, or office; stop working.
退职:某人从其职业、生意或公职中退出;停止工作

4. To fall back or retreat, as from battle.
退却,撤退:后退或撤退,如从战场上撤退

5. To move back or away; recede.
后退:退回或移开;后退

retire的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

6. To cause to withdraw from one's usual field of activity:
使退休:使某人从他的通常活动领域中退出:

用法与例句:

retired all executives at 55.
所有的行政人员在55岁退休

7. To lead (troops, for example) away from action; withdraw.
使撤退:带领(例如军队)从军事行动中离开;退出

8. To take out of circulation:
收回(票证):退出流通:

用法与例句:

retired the bonds.
使债券退出流通领域

9. To withdraw from use or active service:
报废,停止使用:从使用或正在进行的服务中退出:

用法与例句:

retiring an old battleship.
使一艘旧战船报废

10. Baseball
【棒球】

11. To put out (a batter).
使(击球手)出局

12. To cause (the opposing team) to end a turn at bat.
封杀出局:使(对方球队)失去击球机会

retire的词源:

13. French retirer [to retreat]
法语 retirer [撤退]

14. from Old French [to take back]
源自 古法语 [撤回]

15. re- [re-]
re- [表示“后退”意思的前缀]

16. tirer [to draw] * see tier 1
tirer [拖,拉] *参见 tier1

retire的注释:

17. Despite the upbeat books written about retiring and the fact that it is a well-earned time of relaxation from the daily rigors of work, many people do not find it a particularly pleasant prospect. Perhaps the etymology of retire may hint at why. The ultimate source of our word is the Old French word retirer, made up of the prefix re-, meaning in this case “back,” and the verb tirer, “to draw,” together meaning “to take back or withdraw.” The first use of the English word retire is recorded in 1533 in reference to a military force that withdraws. It is not until 1667 that we find the word used to mean “to withdraw from a position for more leisure.” In regard to the sting in all this we need to look at the source of tirer, “to draw, draw out, endure,” which ultimately may be from Old French martir, “a martyr,” probably reflecting the fact that martyrs had to endure the torture of being stretched up to and beyond the point of dislocating their bones.
尽管有关于退休的乐观书籍,以及退休是从日常工作的严酷中解放出来的极好时光的事实,许多人并没有发现它特别令人愉悦的地方。也许retire 的语源学暗示了原因。 这个词最早的来源是古法语单词retirer , 由在此意指“向后”的前缀re- 及意为“拉”的动词 tiver 合在一起组成,意为“撤回或退回”。 英语单词retire 的使用则最早记录于1553年, 指撤退的军队。直到1667年我们才发现该词用于表达“为得到更多的闲暇而退出职位。”考虑到所有这些词的负面含义,我们有必要看看tirer 的词源, 其意为“拉,拉出,容忍,”它可能最初源于意为“殉道者”的古法语martir , 这可能反映了一个事实,即殉者不得不忍受四肢被拉直至骨肉脱离的酷刑