在线英汉词典
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共找到1项关于rough意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
同义词
blunt
broken
brusque
bumpy
choppy
coarse
crude
curt
difficult
fierce
gruff
harsh
irregular
rowdy
rude
severe
shaggy
snippy
surly
tough
uneven

反义词
mild
smooth

相关词
Gainsborough
Marlborough
Middleborough
Middlesbrough
Peterborough
Scarborough
borough
breakthrough
feedthrough
rough
roughage
roughback
roughcast
roughdry
roughen
roughhouse
roughneck
roughrider
roughshod
roughy
thorough
through
trough
wherethrough
yarborough

常用短语
diamond in the rough
rough breathing
rough collie
rough fish
rough sledding
rough trade
rough-and-ready
rough-and-tumble
rough-cut
rough-hew
rough-legged hawk
rough-winged swallow

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• rough adjustment
粗调。
• rough air
乱流,扰动[颠簸]气流。
• rough air from stalled wing
失速机翼的扰动气流。
• rough and fine tap changer
疏密抽头变换器。
• rough and ready
简陋的,马马虎虎的,勉强过得去的。
• rough and round
简单而丰盛的。
• rough and tough
粗野的,粗暴的。
• rough and tumble
不合规格的乱打,打斗。
• rough arrangement
概略布置图。
• rough ashlar
毛石块。
• rough atmosphere
不稳定大气,扰动大气。
• rough bark
[植]粗皮病。
• rough blank
粗坯。
• rough board
毛板。
• rough bolt
栓坯。
• rough bore
粗镗(孔)。
• rough break
粗糙断口,不平滑断口。
• rough burning
[航空]振荡(不稳定)燃烧。
• rough calf
粗小牛皮。
• rough cast
粗涂,用粗灰泥涂。
• rough cast glass
浇铸原板玻璃(未加工的浇铸玻璃板)。
• rough cider
含醋酸的高酒度苹果酒。
• rough coat
底层。
• rough consonant
送气(辅)音。
• rough copy
草稿。
• rough cost
粗略成本,大概成本。
• rough cost book
成本概算表。
• rough country
丘陵地带。
• rough cut
粗切削。(锉的)粗纹。
• rough cutting
粗切削。


rough

rough的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [rʌf]
KK音标发音: [rʌf]

rough的词性:
adj.(形容词)

rougherroughest

1. Having a surface marked by irregularities, protuberances, or ridges; not smooth.
不光滑的:表面不平整、隆起或突起的;不平滑的

2. Coarse or shaggy to the touch:
粗糙的,毛糙的:手感粗糙或毛绒绒的:

用法与例句:

a rough, scratchy blanket.
一床扎人的粗毛毯子

3. Difficult to travel over or through:
崎岖的:难于行走或穿越的:

用法与例句:

the rough terrain of the highlands.
高地上陡峭的地区

4. Characterized by violent motion; turbulent:
狂暴的:具有猛烈运动特征的;汹涌的:

用法与例句:

rough waters.
汹涌的海浪

5. Difficult to endure or live through, especially because of harsh or inclement weather:
艰难的:尤指因恶劣或严寒的天气而难以忍受或活不下去的:

用法与例句:

a rough winter.
严冬

6. Unpleasant or difficult:
不愉快,艰难的:

用法与例句:

had a rough time during the exam.
考试期间很难熬

7. Boisterous, unruly, uncouth, or rowdy:
粗暴的:喧闹、不守秩序、粗野或吵嚷的:

用法与例句:

ran with a rough crowd.
与一群粗暴的人为舞

8. Lacking polish or finesse:
粗鲁的,不雅的:

用法与例句:

rough manners.
粗鲁无礼的态度

9. Characterized by carelessness or force, as in manipulating:
毛糙的:如在操作过程中不小心或用力的:

用法与例句:

broke the crystal through rough handling.
因动作毛糙而将水晶制品打碎了

10. Harsh to the ear:
刺耳的:

用法与例句:

a rough, raspy sound.
粗哑且不悦耳的声音

11. Being in a natural state:
处于自然状态的:

用法与例句:

rough diamonds.
未经加工的钻石

12. Not perfected, completed, or fully detailed:
概略的:不完善、未完成或粗略的:

用法与例句:

a rough drawing; rough carpentry.
草图;粗制的木器

rough的词性:
n.(名词)

13. Rugged, overgrown terrain.
高低不平且杂草丛生的地区

14. Sports The part of a golf course left unmowed and uncultivated.
【体育运动】 深草区:高尔夫球场上未刈和未经耕作的部分

15. The difficult or disagreeable aspect, part, or side:
艰难,苦难:艰难或不愉快的方面或部分:

用法与例句:

observed politics in the rough when working as an intern on Capitol Hill.
在国会做实习生时看到了从事政治不愉快的一面

16. Something in an unfinished or hastily worked-out state.
粗制品:处于未完成或粗加工状态的东西

17. A crude, unmannered person; a rowdy.
粗人,莽汉;暴徒

rough的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

roughedroughingroughs

18. To treat roughly or with physical violence:
对…粗暴:粗鲁地对待或用暴力对待:

用法与例句:

roughed up his opponent.
用暴力对付对手

19. Sports To treat (an opposing player) with unnecessary roughness during a sport or game:
【体育运动】 粗暴的动作:体育运动或比赛中以不必要地粗暴动作对待(对方运动员):

用法与例句:

roughed the passer and was ejected from the game.
对传球者动作粗暴而被逐出比赛

20. To prepare or indicate in an unfinished form:
草拟:草拟或画出轮廓:

用法与例句:

rough out a house plan.
画出房子的草图

rough的词性:
adv.(副词)

21. In a rough manner; roughly.
粗暴地;粗野地

rough的习惯用语

22. To live without the usual comforts and conveniences:
因陋就简地生活:

用法与例句:

roughed it in a small hunting shack.
在一间打猎的小棚屋里因陋就简地生活

rough的词源:

23. Middle English
中古英语

24. from Old English r?h
源自 古英语 r?h

rough的词性:
n.(名词)

rough的词性:
adv.(副词)

rough的词性:
n.(名词)

【近义词】

roughharshjaggedruggedscabrousuneven

25. These adjectives apply to what is not smooth but has a coarse, irregular surface.
这些形容词指不光滑、粗糙或不平整的表面。

26. Rough describes something that to the sight or touch has inequalities, as projections or ridges:
Rough 描述看起来或摸起来不平坦或不整齐的东西,如凸起物或隆起部分等:

用法与例句:

rough bark;
粗糙的树皮;

用法与例句:

rough, chapped hands;
粗糙龟裂的双手;

用法与例句:

a rough homespun fabric. Something harsh is unpleasantly rough, discordant, or grating:
家纺的粗布。 Harsh 描述令人感到不愉快地粗糙、不和谐、刺耳的物体:

用法与例句:

harsh burlap;
粗糙的麻布袋;

用法与例句:

the harsh cry of a crow.
刺耳的鸡啼声。

27. Jagged refers to an edge or a surface with irregular projections and indentations:
Jagged 指有不规则的凸起物或凹口的边缘或表面:

用法与例句:

a jagged piece of glass.
一块锯齿状的玻璃。

28. Rugged, which often refers to strength or endurance, especially in people, can also apply to land surfaces characterized by irregular, often steep rises and slopes:
Rugged 常指强健或耐力,尤指人能吃苦耐劳的,也用于指地表高低不平,有陡峭的高地和斜坡:

用法与例句:

a rugged, rocky trail;
崎岖不平且多岩石的小路;

用法与例句:

rugged countryside.
多丘陵的乡村。

29. Scabrous means rough and scaly to the tactile sense:
Scabrous 指手感粗糙且多鳞的:

用法与例句:

a granular, scabrous spot on his cheek.
他脸颊上粗糙的颗粒状斑点。

30. Uneven describes lines or surfaces of which some parts are not level with others:
Uneven 指有些部分不在同一个平面上的线条或表层:

用法与例句:

uneven ground;
不平整的地面;

用法与例句:

uneven handwriting. See also Synonyms at rude
不整齐的笔迹 参见同义词 rude