1. Something, such as an adage or a maxim, that is said.
2. These nouns refer to concise verbal expressions setting forth wisdom or a truth. A saying is an often repeated and familiar expression:
She was fond of quoting the sayings of philosophers.
3. Maxim denotes particularly an expression of a general truth or a rule of conduct:
“For a wise man, he seemed to me . . . to be governed too much by general maxims” (Edmund Burke).
4. Adage applies to a saying that has gained credit through long use:
On his birthday the child gave no credence to the adage, “Good things come in small packages.”
5. Saw often refers to a familiar saying that has become trite through frequent repetition:
My wise saws gave little comfort to the losing team. A motto is a maxim that expresses the aims, character, or guiding principles of a person, a group, or an institution:
我的明智箴言不会给失败者带来丝毫安慰。 而单词Motto 是表达个人、组织或机构的目标、特征或指导原则的话：
“Exuberance over taste” was her motto. An epigram is a terse, witty expression, often paradoxical or satirical and neatly or brilliantly phrased:
“丰富胜于得体”是她的座右铭。 单词Epigram 是简短、智慧的表达， 常常指似是而非的或讽刺的和精确完美地表达：
In his epigram Samuel Johnson called remarriage a “triumph of hope over experience.”
6. Proverb refers to an old and popular saying that illustrates something such as a basic truth or a practical precept:
“Slow and steady wins the race” is a proverb to live by.
7. Aphorism, a concise expression of a truth or principle, implies depth of content and stylistic distinction:
Few writers have coined more aphorisms than Benjamin Franklin.