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somewhat
what
whatchamacallit
whatever
whatnot
whatsoever

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• what I say
我的看法[意见]。
• what a nice day
好天气,天气不错。
• what about
怎样。
• what by what by
半用...半用。
• what follows
下列所述。
• what for
为何。
• what have you
诸如此类的事物,等等。
• what in Cain
[美口]到底...,究竟...。
• what is called
所谓。
• what is more
更甚者。
• what is said above
以上所指出者。
• what it is
事实真相。原因,理由。
• what it takes
[美俚]成功的必要条件。
• what it was
事实真相。原因,理由。
• what matter if
即使...又何妨。
• what the hell
(用以加强语气或咒骂)究竟,到底(Whatthehelldidyouhear?你究竟听到了什么?)。
• what then
下步怎么办。那便会怎么样呢?。
• what they call
所谓。
• what though
尽管...有什么关系。
• what under the canopy
[美口]究竟,到底。
• what way
如何。
• what with
因为,由于,考虑到。
• what you call
所谓。


what

what的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [hwɔt, hwʌt, wɔ:t, wʌt][hwət, wət ]非重读时
KK音标发音: [hwɑt, hwʌt, wɔt, wʌt][hwət, wət ]非重读时

what的词性:
pron.(代词)

1. Which thing or which particular one of many:
什么:哪个东西或许多中的特定一个:

用法与例句:

What are you having for dinner? What did she say?
你晚饭吃什么?也说什么了?

2. Which kind, character, or designation:
什么:什么种类特性或名称:

用法与例句:

What are these objects?
这些东西是什么?

3. One of how much value or significance:
什么用:价值多少或重要性多大:

用法与例句:

What are possessions to a dying man?
对临终的人来说财产有什么意义?

4. That which; the thing that:
…那样的事,…那样的一个:

用法与例句:

Listen to what I tell you.
听我跟你说

5. Whatever thing that:
无论什么:

用法与例句:

come what may.
该怎样就怎样罢(该来什么就来什么罢)

6. Informal Something:
【非正式用语】 某事:

用法与例句:

I'll tell you what.
我将告诉你些什么

7. Non-Standard Which, who, or that:
【非标准用语】 …的事物或人物:

用法与例句:

It's the poor what gets the blame.
是穷人们受到了责难

what的词性:
adj.(形容词)

8. Which one or ones of several or many:
哪个、哪些:

用法与例句:

What college are you attending? You should know what musical that song is from.
你在念什么大学?你应该知道哪首歌出自哪部音乐片

9. Whatever:
不管什么:

用法与例句:

They soon repaired what damage had been done.
他们很快修复了所受到的一切损坏

10. How great; how astonishing:
多么的,何等的:

用法与例句:

What a fool!
多蠢啊!

what的词性:
adv.(副词)

11. How much; in what respect; how:
多少;在哪个方面;怎样:

用法与例句:

What does it matter?
这有什么关系?

what的词性:
conj.(连接词)

12. That:
与that作连词时意思一样:

用法与例句:

I don't know but what I'll go.
我只知道我要走去

what的词性:
interj.(感叹词)

13. Used to express surprise, incredulity, or other strong and sudden excitement.
什么!:用于表示惊讶,不相信或其它强烈且突然的缴动情绪

14. Chiefly British Used as a tag question, often to solicit agreement.
【多用于英国】 是不是,不是吗?:用作附加疑问句,常用以征求对方同意

what的习惯用语

15. A scolding or strong reprimand:
责备或严厉的训斥:

用法与例句:

The teacher gave the tardy student what for.
老师痛斥了迟到的学生

16. What remains and need not be mentioned:
等等:剩下的不需要提及的:

用法与例句:

a room full of chairs, lamps, radios, and what have you.
一间屋子,放满了椅子、灯、收音机等等的

17. What would occur if; suppose that.
假设;如果…将会怎么样

18. What does it matter if.
即使…又有什么关系

19. The necessary expertise or qualities needed for success:
成功的必要条件:得以成功所需的必要的专门知识或品性:

用法与例句:

She has what it takes to be a doctor.
她具有获取成功的必要条件

20. The fundamentals and details of a situation or process; the true state or condition.
局势或过程的原理或细节;真实的状态

21. Taking into consideration; because of:
因为,由于考虑到:考虑到,由于:

用法与例句:

“I've often wondered why some good crime writer . . . hasn't taken up with New Orleans, what with its special raffishness, its peculiar flavor of bonhomie and a slightly suspect charm”(Walker Percy)
“考虑到它那特殊的大胆不羁,它特有的欢乐气氛的风味以及它略为人所怀疑的魅力,我时常纳闷为什么一些很好的犯罪小说作家还没有对新奥尔产生兴趣”(沃克·珀西)

what的词源:

22. Middle English
中古英语

23. from Old English hw?t * see k wo-
源自 古英语 hw?t *参见 k wo-

what的用法:

24. When what is the subject of a clause, it may be construed as singular or plural, depending on the sense. It is singular when taken as the equivalent of that which or the thing which, as in I see what seems to be a dead tree; and it is plural when it is taken as the equivalent of those which or the things which, as in He sometimes makes what seem to be gestures of aloofness. ? When a what clause is itself the subject of a sentence, it may be construed as singular or plural, but the conditions governing this choice are somewhat more complicated. In general, a what clause will be taken as a plural when the clause contains an explicit indication of its own plurality. There are two principal cases. First, the clause is plural if what is the subject of the clause and the verb of the clause is itself plural: What seem to be two dead trees are blocking the road. What most surprise me are the inflammatory remarks at the end of his article. If the verb in the what clause does not anticipate the plural sense of the predicate in this way, a singular verb is generally used in the main clause as well, though the plural is sometimes found: What truly commands respect is (sometimes are ) a large navy and a resolute foreign policy. Second, the what clause is treated as plural when its predicate contains a plural noun phrase that unambiguously establishes the plurality of the clause as a whole, as in What traditional grammarians called “predicates” are called “verb phrases” by modern linguists. What the Romans established as military outposts were later to become important trading centers. In the absence of explicit plural marking of either of these types in a subject what clause, the clause is usually treated as singular for the purposes of agreement, regardless of the sense: What she held in her lap was four kittens. What the apparent diamonds turned out to be was paste. In some cases, however, a clause with what as the subject may be treated as singular or plural, depending on a subtle distinction of sense. In What excite him most are money and power, the implication is that money and power are distinct elements; in What excites him most is money and power, the implication is that money and power are taken as constituting a single entity.See Usage Note at which
what 作为从句中的主语时, 它既可被当作单数也可以为复数,这取决于词义。当被看作是that whichthe thing which 时它就是单数, 如在I see what seems to be a dead tree(我看到个象棵死树的物体)” 这句话中; 当它被用作those whichthe things which 的对应词时它是复数, 如在He sometimes makes what seem to be gestures of aloofness(他有时做一些似乎很超然的手势) 中。 当what 从句本身是句子的主语时, 它可被当作单数或复数,但决定这种选择的条件略为复杂些。总体上说,what 从句的含有对其数性明确指示时,它就可以将当作复数。 这有两种最主要的情况:首先,如果what 是从句的主语而该从句的谓语动词本身是复数,从句就是复数: What seem to be two dead trees are blocking the road.(象两棵死树的物体挡着路); What mostsurprise me are the inflammatory remarks at the end of his article.(最令我吃惊的是他文章结尾处的煽动性言词) 。 如果what 从句的谓语动词并不预示谓语是复数, 主句中通常也用单数动词,尽管有时也可以发现有复数:What truly commands respect is(有时 are ) a large navy and a resolute foreign policy(真正博得尊敬的是强大的海军和坚定的外交政策) ; 其次what 从句在其谓语含有复数名词短语,并且其明显可建立整个从句的复数性时是被当作复数的, 如在What traditional grammarians called "predicates" are called "verb phrases" by modern linguists.(那些传统语法家所称为“谓语”的则被现代语言学家称作“动词短语”) What the Romans established as military outpostswere later to become important trading centers.(那些罗马人设为军事前哨基地的地方后来成为了重要的贸易中心)。what 从句主语缺乏这两类明确表示复数性的标记时, 从句通常为了一致性而不顾及词义地被当作单数:What she held in her lap was four kittens.(她抱在膝盖上的是四只小猫)。 What the apparent diamonds turned out to bewas paste.(那些看上去象真的钻石结果却是人造宝石) 。 然而,在一些情况下,以what 作主语的从句可被当单数或复数,取决于语义上微妙的差异。 在What excite him most are money and power(最让他兴奋的是金钱和权力), 这句话中暗含着金钱和权力是不同的成分; 在What excites him most is money and power(最让他兴奋的是金钱和权力), 这句话中暗含着金钱和权力是作为构成一个单一整体的成分参见 which