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bylaw

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by.law

bylaw的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈbaiˌlɔ:]
KK音标发音: [ˈbaɪˌlɔ]

bylaw的词性:
n.(名词)

1. A law or rule governing the internal affairs of an organization.
章程:一种法规或规则,用于管理一个组织的内部事务

2. A secondary law.
附则:非主要的规则

bylaw的词源:

3. Middle English bilawe [body of local regulations] ; akin to Danish by-lag [township ordinance]
中古英语 bilawe [地方法规体制] ;类似于 丹麦语 by-lag [镇区的法令]

4. Old Norse btr [settlement] * see bheu…-
古斯堪的纳维亚语 btr [解决] *参见 bheu…-

5. Old Norse *lagu [law] * see legh-
古斯堪的纳维亚语 *lagu [法律] *参见 legh-

bylaw的注释:

6. A casual glance at the word bylaw might make one think that the element by- means “secondary, subsidiary,” especially since bylaw can mean “a secondary law.” It is possible that by-, as in byway, has influenced bylaw in the sense “secondary law”; however, bylaw existed long before the sense in question. The word is first recorded in 1283 with the meaning “a body of customs or regulations, as of a village, manor, religious organization, or sect.” By- in this word comes from Old Norse, as may the word bylaw, and is related to if not identical with the element -by in the names of many places, such as Whitby, where Scandinavians settled when they invaded England during the early Middle Ages. We get the sense of this -by if we compare the related word entered as b?r, b÷r, btr, in the standard dictionary of Old Icelandic, meaning “a town or village” in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark and “a farm or landed estate” in Iceland. We thus see why bylaw would mean “a body of customs of a village or manor” and why we use the word to mean “a law or rule governing the internal affairs of an organization.”
随意瞟一眼单词bylaw 可能会使人想起前缀 by- ,意为“第二位的,次要的”, 因为bylaw 意为“附属的法规”。 可能因为前缀by- 位于 byway 中, 它影响了bylaw “附属法规”这一意义; 然而bylaw 一词在上述意义产生之前早已存在。 该词最初是在1283年以“一种习俗或规章体系,如村庄、县邑、宗教组织或派系之中”这种含义记载的。前缀By- 来自古斯堪的纳维亚语中, 正如bylaw 一词在许多地名之中与后缀 -by 若不是完全一致,就是彼此相关, 如惠特比,这是斯堪的纳维亚人在中世纪早期侵入英格兰之后的定居地。如果我们将古冰岛标准字典中的相关词b?r, b÷r, btr (在挪威、瑞典和丹麦这些国家中意为“城镇或村庄”而在冰岛意为“农场或庄园”)加以比较,就会得出后缀 -by 的含义。 我们因而可以明白为什么bylaw 一词意为“村庄或县邑的习俗体系” 以及我们为什么使用其“一种法规或规则,用于管理一个组织的内部事务”这一意义