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共找到1项关于crayfish意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
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crayfish

常用短语
sea crayfish

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cray.fish

crayfish的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈkreiˌfiʃ]也作 craw.fish [ˈkrɔ:]
KK音标发音: [ˈkreˌfɪʃ]也作 craw.fish [ˈkrɔ]

crayfish的词性:
n.(名词)

【复数】 crayfish或 cray.fish.es 也作 crawfish 或 craw.fish.es

1. Any of various freshwater crustaceans of the genera Cambarus and Astacus, resembling a lobster but considerably smaller. Also called Regional crawdad, mudbug
螯虾:任一种喇蛄属螯虾属 的淡水甲壳类动物,形状象龙虾但比龙虾要小 也作 【区域的】 crawdadmudbug

2. See spiny lobster
参见 spiny lobster

crayfish的词源:

3. By folk etymology from Middle English crevise
源自 中古英语 crevise的民间词源

4. from Old French crevice
源自 古法语 crevice

5. perhaps from Old High German krebiz [edible crustacean] * see gerbh-
可能源自 古高地德语 krebiz [可食用甲壳类动物] *参见 gerbh-

crayfish的注释:

6. The crayfish, also known as the crawfish, owes its name to a misunderstanding. The actual source of the word may be the Old High German word krebiz, “edible crustacean,” or a word related to it. From this Germanic source came Old French crevice, which when taken into English became crevise (first recorded in a document written in 1311-1312). In Old French and Middle English these words designated the crayfish. People began to pronounce and spell the last part of this word as if it were fish, the first fish spelling (actually fysshes ) being recorded in 1555. Because of a variation in Anglo-Norman pronunciation, two forms of the word have come down to Modern English: crayfish and crawfish.
螯虾又名crawfish,正是出于误解才有现在这个名字。该词的真正来源可能是古高地德语中krebiz 一词, 意为“可食用的甲壳类动物”,或与之相关的一词。从这个日耳曼语词源中出现了古法语crevice 一词, 该词被借用入英语中变成了crevise (初次记录在1311-1312年间所写的一个文件中)。 在古法语和中世纪英语中这一词被称为crayfish。人们开始用fish 来发音和拼写这个词的后半部分, 而第一个fish 拼写法(实际上是 fysshes )被记录于1555年。 由于英国法语发音的差异,这个词的两种变体,即crayfishcrawfish 就共同延续到了现代英语中