1. Any of various small flies of the family Drosophilidae, having larvae that feed on ripening or fermenting fruits and vegetables, especially the common species Drosophila melanogaster, often used in genetic research. Also called pomace fly, vinegar fly
果蝇：果蝇科中的一种小蝇类，尤其指普通种属，幼虫以成熟或腐烂的水果蔬菜为食果蝇黑腹孢属， 常用于基因研究 也作 pomace fly， vinegar fly
2. Any of various flies of the family Tephritidae, having larvae that hatch in and damage plant tissue.