2. To reason from circumstance; surmise:
We can infer that his motive in publishing the diary was less than honorable.
3. To lead to as a consequence or conclusion:
“Socrates argued that a statue inferred the existence of a sculptor”(Academy)
4. To hint; imply.
6. Latin onferre [to bring in, adduce]
拉丁语 onferre [引入，引证]
8. ferre [to bear] * see bher- 1
ferre [承担] *参见 bher- 1
9. Infer is sometimes confused with imply, but the distinction is a useful one. When we say that a speaker or sentence implies something, we mean that it is conveyed or suggested without being stated outright:
Infer 有时会和imply 混淆在一起， 但它们之间的差异是很重要的。当我们说某个说话人或某个句子暗含有某种东西时，我们的意思是这种东西是含在其中的或暗示的而没有公开说出来：
When the mayor said that she would not rule out a business tax increase, she implied (not inferred ) that some taxes might be raised.
当市长说她不排除商业税增涨的可能性时，她暗指（不是 inferred ) 可能要提高某些税收。
10. Inference, on the other hand, is the activity performed by a reader or interpreter in deriving conclusions that are not explicit in what is said:
When the mayor said that she would not rule out a tax increase,
11. we inferred that she had been consulting with some new financial advisers, since her old advisers were in favor of tax reductions.