1. To retain possession of:
kept the change; must keep your equanimity.
2. To have as a supply:
keep a cord of wood in the shed.
3. To provide (a family, for example) with maintenance and support:
“There's little to earn and many to keep”(Charles Kingsley)
4. To put customarily; store:
Where do you keep your saw?
5. To supply with room and board for a charge:
6. To raise:
7. To maintain for use or service:
a city dweller who didn't keep a car.
8. To manage, tend, or have charge of:
Keep the shop while I'm away.
9. To preserve (food).
10. To cause to continue in a state, condition, or course of action:
attempted to keep the patient calm.
11. To maintain records in:
keep a yearly diary.
12. To enter (data) in a book:
keep financial records.
13. To detain:
was kept after school.
14. To restrain:
kept the child away from the hot stove; kept the crowd back with barriers.
15. To prevent or deter:
tried to keep the ice from melting.
16. To refrain from divulging:
keep a secret.
17. To save; reserve:
keep extra money for emergencies.
18. To maintain:
keep late hours.
19. To adhere to; fulfill:
keep one's word; keep a busy schedule.
20. To celebrate; observe.
21. To remain in a state or condition; stay:
keep in line; keep quiet; kept well.
22. To continue to do:
keep on talking; keep guessing.
23. To remain fresh or unspoiled:
The dessert won't keep.
24. Care; charge:
The child is in my keep for the day.
25. The means by which one is supported:
earn one's keep.
26. The stronghold of a castle.
27. A jail.
28. To persevere in work or an action.
29. To prevent from growing, accomplishing, or succeeding:
keep down prices; keep the revolutionaries down.
30. To stay away from.
31. To adhere to:
keep to the original purpose.
32. To maintain in good condition:
kept up the property.
33. To persevere in; carry on:
We asked her to stop talking, but she kept up.
34. To continue at the same level or pace.
35. To match one's competitors, colleagues, or neighbors in success or lifestyle:
unsuccessfully tried to keep up with his associates.
36. For an indefinitely long period:
gave the ring to me for keeps.
37. Seriously and permanently:
We're separating for keeps.
38. To be watchful.
39. To carry on a courtship:
a couple who kept company but never married.
40. To be stalwart, courageous, or optimistic in the face of difficulty.
41. To be on the lookout.
42. To stay out of trouble.
43. To stay even with others, as in a contest.
44. To accompany or remain with.
45. To indicate the correct time.
46. Music To maintain the tempo or rhythm.
47. To shun the company of others:
She kept to herself all morning.
48. To refrain from divulging:
He kept the news to himself.
49. Middle English kepen
50. from Old English c?pan [to observe, seize]
源自 古英语 c?pan [观察，抓住]
keep， retain， withhold， reserve
51. These verbs mean to have and maintain in one's possession or control.
52. Keep is the most general:
We received a tempting offer for the house but decided to keep it.
I don't know which is more difficult—to earn money or to keep it.
53. Retain means to continue to hold, especially in the face of possible loss:
“The executor . . . is allowed to pay himself first, by retaining in his hands so much as his debt amounts to” (William Blackstone).
54. Withhold implies reluctance or refusal to give, grant, or allow:
The tenants withheld their rent until the landlord repaired the boiler. To reserve is to hold back for the future or for a special purpose:
房客等到房东修了锅炉之后才交房租。 Reserve 指为将来或某一特殊目的而保留：
I will reserve my questions for the discussion period.
The farmer reserved two acres for an orchard. See also Synonyms at livelihood, observe
这个农场主留出两亩地做果园 参见同义词 livelihood， observe