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共找到1项关于presume意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
同义词
assume
fancy
guess
imagine
imply
infer
suppose
surmise
think

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• presume upon
期望,指望。


pre.sume

presume的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [priˈzu:m]
KK音标发音: [prɪˈzum]

presume的词性:
v.(动词)

presumedpresumingpresumes

presume的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

1. To take for granted as being true in the absence of proof to the contrary.
推测,假定:在没有证据证明是相反的情况下想当然是正确的

2. To give reasonable evidence for assuming; appear to prove.
认定:为假设而给出合理的证据;似乎能证明

3. To venture without authority or permission; dare:
冒昧,擅自:没有权威或没得到允许就冒险地做;冒昧:

用法与例句:

He presumed to invite himself to dinner.
他胆敢擅自前来吃饭

presume的词性:
v.intr.(不及物动词)

4. To act overconfidently; take liberties.
擅自行事:过分自信地行动;擅自行事

5. To take unwarranted advantage of something; go beyond the proper limits:
滥用,利用:非法地利用某物;超过适当界限:

用法与例句:

Don't presume on their hospitality.
不要利用他们的热情好客

6. To take for granted that something is true or factual; suppose:
设想,相信:理所当然地认定某事是真的或确凿的;猜想:

用法与例句:

That's the new assistant, I presume.
我想那就是新来的助理

presume的词源:

7. Middle English presumen
中古英语 presumen

8. from Old French presumer
源自 古法语 presumer

9. from Late Latin praes?mere
源自 后期拉丁语 praes?mere

10. from Latin [to anticipate]
源自 拉丁语 [预料]

11. prae- [pre-]
prae- [前缀,表“在…之前”]

12. s?mere [to take] * see em-
s?mere [拿,取] *参见 em-

presume的音标和读音:

presume的词性:
n.(名词)

【近义词】

presumepresupposepostulatepositassume

13. These verbs signify to take something for granted or as being a fact. To presume is to suppose that something is reasonable, justifiable, sound, or possible in the absence of proof to the contrary:
这些动词都表示认为某事是理所当然的或认定某事是事实。Presume 是指在没有证据表明结果是相反的情况下认定某事是合理的,无可非议的,完美的或者是可能的:

用法与例句:

“I presume you're tired after the long ride” (Edith Wharton).
“长途旅行后我想你肯定累了” (伊迪丝·华顿)。

用法与例句:

We cannot presume the existence of life on other planets.
我们不能推定其他行星上没有生物。

14. Presuppose can mean merely to believe or suppose in advance; it can also mean to require as an antecedent condition:
Presuppose 可仅指相信或预先假设;也可指要求有一个先决条件:

用法与例句:

It is unrealistic to presuppose a sophisticated knowledge of harmony and counterpoint in a beginning music student.
要求一个初学的人具有和声学和对位法方面的知识是不现实的。

用法与例句:

The evolution of species presupposes a process of natural selection.
生物演变是以自然选则的过程为前提的。

15. Postulate and posit denote the assertion of the existence, reality, necessity, or truth of something, as something considered to be self-evident or axiomatic, as the basis for reasoning or argument:
Postulate 和posit 意指对某事的存在、实现、需求或真相的断言, 如被认为是自明的或公理的某事,如作为推理和辩论的根据:

用法与例句:

“We can see individuals, but we can't see providence; we have to postulate it” (Aldous Huxley).
“我们不得不认为我们可以看到个体却看不到远见;我们必须承认它” (阿尔道斯·赫胥黎)。

用法与例句:

Historical linguists posit a common ancestor from which both Romance and Germanic languages descend. To assume is to accept something as existing or being true without proof or on inconclusive grounds:
历史语言学家认为罗斯语系和德语语系由同一种语言演变而来。 Assume 是指在没有证据或不确定的情况下认为某事是存在的或是真实的:

用法与例句:

Why do you assume that I'm angry?
为什么你会认为我在生气?

用法与例句:

“We must never assume that which is incapable of proof” (G.H. Lewes).
“我们从不在没有证据证明的情况下假定某事” (G·H·路易斯)