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共找到1项关于punish意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
同义词
castigate
chastise
correct
discipline
penalize

反义词
forgive

相关词
punish
punishment

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• punish a bottle
[口]打开(酒)瓶把它喝干。
• punish for
惩罚,处罚。
• punish the spread
大吃特吃。


pun.ish

punish的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [ˈpʌniʃ]
KK音标发音: [ˈpʌnɪʃ]

punish的词性:
v.(动词)

punishedpunishingpunishes

punish的词性:
v.tr.(及物动词)

1. To subject to a penalty for an offense, a sin, or a fault.
处罚:因为触犯、罪过或过错而遭受惩罚

2. To inflict a penalty for (an offense).
施加处罚:因为(冒犯)而施加惩罚

3. To handle roughly; hurt:
粗鲁地对待;伤害:

用法与例句:

My boots were punished by our long trek through the desert.
我的靴子由于我们穿越沙漠的长途旅行而被磨损了

punish的词性:
v.intr.(不及物动词)

4. To exact or mete out punishment.
强制服从惩罚或给予惩罚

punish的词源:

5. Middle English punissen, punishen
中古英语 punissen, punishen

6. from Old French punir puniss-
源自 古法语 punir puniss-

7. from Latin poenore, p&9{?nore}
源自 拉丁语 poenore, p&9{?nore}

8. from poena [punishment]
源自 poena [惩罚,处罚]

9. from Greek poin? * see k wei- 1
源自 希腊语 poin? *参见 k wei- 1

punish的词性:
n.(名词)

punish的词性:
adj.(形容词)

punish的词性:
n.(名词)

【近义词】

punishcorrectchastisedisciplinecastigatepenalize

10. These verbs mean to subject a person to a penalty, such as loss, pain, or confinement, for an offense, a sin, or a fault.
这些动词的意思是使某人因为冒犯、罪过或过错而受到如损失、痛苦或监禁等惩罚。

11. Punish is the least specific:
Punish 的意思是最不具体的:

用法与例句:

“The individual who refuses to defend his rights when called by his Government . . . must be punished as an enemy of his country and friend to her foe” (Andrew Jackson). To correct is to punish so that the offender will mend his or her ways:
被国家所召集却拒绝维护他的权利的个人…一定被当作自己国家的敌人和国家敌人的朋友而受到惩罚 (安德鲁·杰克逊)。Corret 意指惩罚以使冒犯者改正他或她的习惯:

用法与例句:

Regulations formerly permitted prison wardens to correct unruly inmates.
规章制度从前曾允许监狱的典狱长惩罚不守规矩的犯人。

12. Chastise implies punishment, such as corporal punishment or a verbal rebuke, as a means of effecting improvement in behavior:
Chastise 表示作为使行为进步的一种方式的惩罚,如体罚或口头上的责备等:

用法与例句:

chastise a bully by giving him a thrashing;
给这个欺侮弱者的人一顿鞭打以作惩罚;

用法与例句:

was roundly chastised for insolence.
因为傲慢而受到一顿惩罚。

13. Discipline stresses punishment inflicted by an authority in order to control an offender or to eliminate or reform unacceptable conduct:
Discipline 强调权力机关为控制冒犯者或免除、改革不能被接受的行为所施加的惩罚:

用法与例句:

The worker was disciplined for insubordination.
这个工人因为不服从而受到惩罚。

14. Castigate means to censure or criticize severely, often in public:
Castigate 常指在公共场合谴责或严肃地批评:

用法与例句:

The judge castigated the attorney for badgering the witness.
法官因为辩护律师纠缠目击证人而谴责了他。

15. Penalize usually implies a monetary penalty or the forfeiture of a privilege or gain because rules or regulations have been broken:
Penalize 通常指因违反规则或惯例而施行的罚金或导致特权或利益的丧失:

用法与例句:

Those who file their income-tax returns after April 15 will be penalized.
那些在4月15日以后才填写收入所得税申报书的人将被罚款