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共找到1项关于scarce意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
同义词
rare
scanty
sparse

反义词
plentiful

相关词
scarce
scarcely

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• scarce book
珍本。
• scarce commodity
稀缺商品。
• scarce currency clause
国际货币基金协定关于稀缺通货的条款。
• scarce goods
稀缺商品。


scarce

scarce的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [skɛərs]
KK音标发音: [skɛrs]

scarce的词性:
adj.(形容词)

scarcerscarcest

1. Insufficient to meet a demand or requirement; short in supply:
缺乏的:不能满足需求或要求的;供养匮乏的:

用法与例句:

Fresh vegetables were scarce during the drought.
在干旱期间新鲜蔬菜短缺

2. Hard to find; absent or rare:
难得的;缺少的或罕见的:

用法与例句:

Steel pennies are scarce now except in coin shops.
除了在钱币店内,钢币便士现在很难见到了

scarce的词性:
adv.(副词)

3. Barely or hardly; scarcely.
几乎不;简直不

scarce的习惯用语

4. To stay away; be absent or elusive.
躲开:不露面;不出现或避开

5. To depart, especially quickly or furtively; abscond.
溜走,悄悄离开:离开,尤指快速地或鬼鬼祟祟地;潜逃

scarce的词源:

6. Middle English scars
中古英语 scars

7. from Old French scars
源自 古法语 scars

8. from Vulgar Latin *excarpsus [narrow, cramped]
源自 俗拉丁语 *excarpsus [狭窄的,受限制的]

9. from past participle of *excarpere [to pluck out]
源自 *excarpere的过去分词 [拨取]

10. alteration of Latin excerpere [to pick out] * see excerpt
拉丁语 excerpere的变化 [挑出] *参见 excerpt

scarce的词性:
n.(名词)

scarce的注释:

11. The phrase scarce excerpt, if it ever should occur to one, is an excellent example of how two intimately related words can diverge from one another in form while passing from one language to another over the centuries. Both words can be traced back to the Latin word excerpo (past participle stem excerpt- ), meaning “to pick out,” “to pick out mentally,” and “to select a passage for quotation.” This is clearly the ultimate source of our noun excerpt (first recorded before 1638) and verb (first recorded around 1536), a past participle usage already being recorded in the 15th century. A more tangled path leads to our word scarce. It is assumed that side by side with Latin excerpere existed the Vulgar Latin form .excarpere. .Excarpsus, an adjective formed with the past participle of .excarpere in Vulgar Latin, meant “narrow, cramped,” and from this Vulgar Latin form came the Old French word échars, “insufficient, cramped,” and “stingy.” The Old French word, which existed in a variety of forms in Old French, including scars and the chiefly Old North French form escarse, was borrowed into Middle English as scarse, being first recorded in a manuscript written around 1300.
如果人们能够想到scarce excerpt 这个词语, 是一个说明两个关系密切的词语如何历经几个世纪,在一种语言转化到另一种语言的同时从一种形式转化到另一种形式的极佳例子。两个词可追溯到拉丁词excerpo (过去分词词根为 excerpt- ), 意为“选出”、“在思想上进行选择”和“为了引用而选择一个段落”。 很清楚,名词excerpt (第一次记录于1638年前)和动词(首次记录于约1536年)及过去分词用法的最终词源,在15世纪时就已经被记录下来。 词语scarce 的变化更为复杂。 据猜测与拉丁文中excerpere 同时存在的有拉丁俗语形式 excarpere。 Excarpsus在拉丁俗语中是由 excarpere 的过去分词形成的,意为“狭窄的、受限制的”, 从这一拉丁俗语形式形成了古法语词echars ,意为“不足的、受限制的”及“吝啬的”。 这些在古法语中以多种形式存在的古法语词,包括scars 和北部古法语的主要形式 escarse , 被引入中世纪英语中成为scarse , 在1300年左右第一次被记载在一手稿本中