在线英汉词典
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共找到1项关于severe意思的翻译解释和用法说明  
同义词
austere
harsh
rough
stern
strict
stringent

反义词
lenient

相关词
persevere
severe

常用短语
severe combined immunodeficiency

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词组、短语、俚语及习惯用语
• severe architecture
朴素建筑。
• severe atmosphere
侵蚀性气氛。恶劣环境。
• severe attrition
严重损耗。
• severe cold
大寒。
• severe condition
苛刻条件,深度反应条件。
• severe etch virus
重蚀纹病毒。
• severe frost
严霜。
• severe gradient
有害坡道[坡度]。
• severe service conditions
困难运行条件。
• severe weather
恶劣天气。
• severe winter
严冬。


se.vere

severe的音标和读音:
DJ音标发音: [səˈviə]
KK音标发音: [səˈvɪr]

severe的词性:
adj.(形容词)

severerseverest

1. Unsparing or harsh, as in treatment of others; strict.
严厉的:严厉的或苛刻的,如对待别人时;严格的

2. Marked by or requiring strict adherence to rigorous standards or high principles.
严格的:要求严格遵守精确标准或高度原则的或以之为特征的

3. Austere or dour; forbidding:
严峻的:严峻的或阴郁的;表情冷峻的:

用法与例句:

spoke in a severe voice.
以严峻的口吻说话

4. Extremely plain in substance or style:
朴素的:内容或形式极朴实的:

用法与例句:

a severe black dress.
朴素的黑衣服

5. Causing sharp discomfort or distress; extremely violent or intense:
剧烈的:引起剧烈不适或痛苦的;极其残暴或强烈的:

用法与例句:

severe pain; a severe storm.
剧痛;强风暴

6. Very serious; grave or grievous:
严重的:非常严肃的;庄重的或严重的:

用法与例句:

severe mental illness.
严重的精神病

7. Extremely difficult to perform or accomplish; trying:
艰难的:极其困难地进行或完成的;费力的:

用法与例句:

a severe test of our loyalty.
对我们忠诚的严峻考验

severe的词源:

8. Latin sev?rus [serious, strict] * see w?ro-
拉丁语 sev?rus [严重的,严格的] *参见 w?ro-

severe的词性:
adv.(副词)

severe的词性:
n.(名词)

【近义词】

severesternaustereasceticstrict

9. These adjectives mean unsparing and exacting with respect to discipline or control.
这些形容词的意思是顾及原则与限制而严厉的或苛刻的。

10. Severe implies adherence to rigorous standards or high principles; the term often suggests the imposition of harsh conditions:
Severe 暗指遵守严格的标准或高度的原则;该词常暗示强加苛刻的条件:

用法与例句:

“Praise or blame has but a momentary effect on the man whose love of beauty in the abstract makes him a severe critic on his own works” (John Keats).
“赞扬或指责对这个人只有瞬间效应,对抽象美的热爱使他对自己的作品严加批判 (约翰·凯兹)。

11. Stern suggests unyielding disposition, uncompromising resolution, or forbidding appearance or nature:
Stern 指强硬的处理、不妥协的决定或冷峻的外表或气质:

用法与例句:

“thought her husband a man fatally stern and implacable” (George Meredith).
“认为她丈夫是一个极端严厉而且毫不容情的人” (乔治·马里蒂斯)。

12. Austere connotes sternness, qualities such as aloofness or lack of feeling or sympathy, and often rigid morality:
Austere 意味着严厉及诸如冷漠或缺乏感情与同情的性格,而且通常是恪守道德:

用法与例句:

Austere officers demand meticulous conformity with military regulations.
严峻的军官要求谨遵军纪。

13. Ascetic suggests self-discipline and self-denial and often renunciation of worldly pleasures for spiritual improvement:
Ascetic 指自我约束和自我克制并且通常为达到精神进步而放弃世俗享乐:

用法与例句:

“Be systematically ascetic . . . do . . . something for no other reason than that you would rather not do it” (William James).
有计划地克制…做…某事,没有别的理由只因你最好别做它” (威廉·杰姆森)。

14. Strict means requiring or showing stringent observance of obligations, rules, or standards:
Strict 指要求或显示严格遵守义务、规则或标准:

用法与例句:

“He could not be severe nor even passably strict” (W.H. Hudson).
“他根本不能做到严厉,甚至连稍稍严格一点都做不到” (W.H.N哈德森)