1. Liable to be required to give account, as of one's actions or of the discharge of a duty or trust.
2. Involving personal accountability or ability to act without guidance or superior authority:
a responsible position within the company.
3. Being a source or cause.
4. Able to make moral or rational decisions on one's own and therefore answerable for one's behavior.
5. Able to be trusted or depended upon; reliable.
6. Based on or characterized by good judgment or sound thinking:
7. Having the means to pay debts or fulfill obligations.
8. Required to render account; answerable:
The cabinet is responsible to the parliament.
9. Obsolete French [corresponding to]
11. These adjectives share the meaning obliged to answer, as for one's actions, to an authority that may impose a penalty for failure.
12. Responsible often implies the satisfactory performance of duties, the adequate discharge of obligations, or the trustworthy care for or disposition of possessions:
“I am responsible for the ship's safety” (Robert Louis Stevenson).
“The people had given him his command, and to the people alone he was responsible” (J.A. Froude).
13. Answerable suggests a moral or legal responsibility subject to review by a higher authority:
The court held the parents answerable for their minor child's acts of vandalism.
14. Liable may refer to a legal obligation, as to pay damages, or to a responsibility to do something, as to perform jury duty, if called on:
Wage earners are liable to income tax.
During the war men between the ages of 18 and 35 were liable for military conscription.
15. Accountable especially emphasizes the requirement to give an account of one's discharge of a responsibility entrusted to one:
“The liberal philosophy holds that enduring governments must be accountable to someone beside themselves; that a government responsible only to its own conscience is not for long tolerable” (Walter Lippmann).
16. Amenable implies the condition of being subject to the control of an authority and therefore the absence of complete autonomy:
17. Some critics have maintained that responsible should not be used to describe things, since only persons can be held accountable. The application to things is justifiable, however, when responsible is used to mean “being the source or cause of.” In an earlier survey, a majority of the Usage Panel accepted the sentence
一些批评家坚持认为responsible 不应用于描述事物， 因为只有人才能负担责任。但是当responsible 被用来表示“归因于…”的意思时，用它叙述事物是合理的。 在更早期的调查中，用法专题小组中的大部分成员都接受句子
Faulty construction was responsible for the crash. ·
18. In recent years, many people have objected to the use of the phrase claim responsibility with reference to the authors of terrorist acts, as in A small separatist group claimed responsibility for the explosion, in which 30 passengers were killed. It is true that the phrase is not entirely felicitous, in as much as it does not convey the speaker's conviction that the action is deplorable. But alternatives such as admit or take the blame cannot be recommended either, since they would imply misleadingly that the instigators had themselves acknowledged that the action was wrongful.
近年来，许多人反对使用与恐怖主义活动制造者相关的词组claim responsibility ， 如一小撮分离主义者声称对那次致使30位旅客丧生的爆炸负责 。 这个词组确实是不得体的，因为它没有表达说话者对悲惨行为的谴责。但也不能推荐如admit 和 take the blame 等替代词， 因为它们可能使人误导以为煽动者自己也承认行动是错误的